Definitions

plover

plover

[pluhv-er, ploh-ver]
plover, common name for some members of the large family Charadriidae, shore birds, small to medium in size, found in ice-free lands all over the world. Plovers are plumpish wading birds with pigeonlike bills and strong markings of black or brown above with white below. In flocks they frequent ocean beaches and sand and mud flats, following the backwash of waves in search of the small marine invertebrates that form their diet. The best-known plovers in America are the noisy killdeer (Charadrius vociferus), found in pasturelands; the larger (11 in./27.5 cm) black-bellied (Squatarola squatarola) and golden (Pluvialis dominica) plovers, which migrate as far as 2,000 mi (3,220 km) annually; and the ruddy turnstone (Arenaria interpres). The Old World dotterel and the European lapwing are members of the family, as are the crocodile birds of Africa, insectivorous plovers described by Herodotus as picking the teeth of crocodiles. Lapwings are slightly larger than plovers and are found in most tropical and temperate countries, with the notable exception of North America, where they have been extinct since the Pleistocene era. Both lapwings and plovers nest on open ground and dig shallow hollows lined with pebbles or plant debris where their clutch of eggs (usually four) are deposited. Both male and female share the duties of rearing the young. The crab plover (Dromas ardeola) of India, Arabia, and E Africa, with its heronlike bill and webbed toes, is so distinct that it is placed in a family by itself, the Dromadidae. It derives its name from its habit of pounding crabs and mollusks to pieces with its heavy bill. Crab plovers lay only one egg per clutch in a deep nest dug into a sand bank. They are easily approached and flock in large groups on coastal mud flats and beaches. Plovers are classified in the phylum Chordata, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Charadriiformes, family Charadriidae. Crab plovers belong to the same order.

Golden plover (Pluvialis apricaria).

Any of about 36 species (family Charadriidae, order Charadriiformes) of plump-breasted shorebirds found almost worldwide. Plovers are 6–12 in. (15–30 cm) long and have long wings, longish legs, a short neck, and a straight, short bill. Many species are plain brown, gray, or sandy above and whitish below. Others, including the golden and black-bellied plovers, are finely patterned above and black below in breeding season. Many species run along the shoreline, snapping up small aquatic invertebrates. They have a melodious whistled call. Both parents incubate the two to five eggs and care for the young. Seealso killdeer.

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Plover is a city in Pocahontas County, Iowa, United States. The population was 95 at the 2000 census.

Geography

Plover is located at (42.878058, -94.622648).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.5 square miles (1.4 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 95 people, 43 households, and 30 families residing in the city. The population density was 174.8 people per square mile (67.9/km²). There were 50 housing units at an average density of 92.0/sq mi (35.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.89% White, 1.05% Asian, and 1.05% from two or more races.

There were 43 households out of which 23.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.8% were married couples living together, 4.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.2% were non-families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.70.

In the city the population was spread out with 16.8% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 21.1% from 25 to 44, 31.6% from 45 to 64, and 23.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 111.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 113.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,306, and the median income for a family was $30,625. Males had a median income of $25,750 versus $26,250 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,241. There were 17.2% of families and 15.2% of the population living below the poverty line, including 46.7% of under eighteens and none of those over 64.

References

External links

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