La Plena Ilustrita Vortaro de Esperanto
(The Complete Illustrated Dictionary of Esperanto
, abbreviated as PIV
) is a monolingual dictionary of the language Esperanto
. It was first compiled in 1970 by a large team of Esperanto linguists
and specialists under the guidance of Gaston Waringhien
and is published by the Sennacieca Asocio Tutmonda
First published in 1970, the PIV has undergone two reprints
to date and is considered by many to be something of a standard for Esperanto, thanks mainly to its unchallenged scope—15,200 words and 39,400 lexical units
. However, it is also criticized as excessively influenced by the French language
and political tendencies. Moreover, its few and often outmoded illustrations appeared only as an appendix
The supplement of 1987
In 1987, a supplement was separately published, produced under the guidance of Gaston Waringhien and Roland Levreaud
. It covered approximately 1000 words and 1300 lexical units.
In 2002, after many years of work, a new revised edition appeared with the title La Nova Plena Ilustrita Vortaro de Esperanto
(The New PIV), also dubbed PIV2 or PIV2002. Its chief editor was Michel Duc-Goninaz
. PIV2002 included 16,780 words and 46,890 lexical units. Its illustrations are no longer located on the last pages, but rather are incorporated into the text itself.
The edition was first presented to the SAT congress in Alicante, Spain in July 2002. The stock of 2000 printed books ran out in 2004, and a new edition, with corrected typos and detailed modifications, appeared in March 2005.