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Platt

Platt

Platt, Charles Adams, 1861-1933, American architect, landscape architect, painter, and etcher, b. New York City. He studied etching with Stephen Parrish and painting, in Paris, under Boulanger and Lefebvre. He won distinction in both fields before travels in Italy turned his interests toward architecture and garden design. His architectural designs are based upon Italian and Georgian traditions. Platt's works include numerous important city and country residences, the latter complete with their gardens; the Freer Gallery of Art at Washington, D.C. (1918); an addition to the Corcoran Gallery; a building for the Leader News in Cleveland; buildings for the Univ. of Illinois at Urbana, including its library; and a number of buildings (e.g., chapel, library) for Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass. He wrote Italian Gardens (1894)

See study by K. N. Morgan (1985).

Platt, Orville Hitchcock, 1827-1905, U.S. Senator (1879-1905), b. Washington, Litchfield co., Conn. Platt held many public offices in Connecticut before he served in the U.S. Senate. He helped frame the high protective tariff measures of 1883, 1890, and 1897 and opposed "cheap money" schemes and attempts to regulate big business. Platt was influential in the annexation of Hawaii and the occupation of the Philippines. He also sponsored the Platt Amendment —a rider attached to the Army Appropriations Bill of 1901. It stipulated the conditions for U.S. intervention in Cuban affairs and permitted the United States to lease lands for the establishment of a naval base in Cuba. The amendment, which virtually made Cuba a U.S. protectorate, was forced into the constitution of Cuba and was incorporated in a permanent treaty between the United States and Cuba; it set the terms under which the United States intervened in Cuban affairs in 1906, 1912, 1917, and 1920. Rising Cuban nationalism and widespread criticism led to its abrogation in 1934, although the United States retained its lease on Guantánamo Bay, where a naval base had been established.
Platt, Thomas Collier, 1833-1910, American legislator and political boss, b. Owego, N.Y. He was president of the Tioga County National Bank and had acquired considerable commercial interests by the time he served in the U.S. House of Representatives as a Republican (1873-77). In 1881 he became a U.S. Senator, but, following his mentor, Roscoe Conkling, in a quarrel with President Garfield over patronage, resigned almost immediately, thereby winning the nickname "Me Too" Platt. With Conkling he sought vindication in a new election but withdrew his name in the deadlock that followed in the state legislature. Platt remained prominent in New York politics, gaining new power and consolidating his control of patronage. Again from 1897 to 1909 he was a U.S. Senator. One of the most powerful of Republican politicians, he was largely responsible for the election (1898) of Theodore Roosevelt as governor of New York. Although Roosevelt often consulted with Platt, Roosevelt was largely independent in political matters, and in 1900 Platt succeeded in shelving him (as he thought) into the vice presidency. Afterward Platt's power declined.

See his autobiography (1910, repr. 1974); H. F. Gosnell, Boss Platt and His New York Machine (1924, repr. 1971).

(born July 19, 1827, Washington, Conn., U.S.—died April 21, 1905, Washington) U.S. politician. He served in the Connecticut legislature (1861–62, 1864, 1869) and later in the U.S. Senate (1879–1905), where he sponsored legislation concerning patents and copyrights. He was chairman of the committee on territories (1887–93), which recommended admission of six new western states. He is remembered for sponsoring the Platt Amendment (1901), which became the basis for the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Cuba following the Spanish-American War of 1898.

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(1901) Rider appended to a U.S. Army appropriations bill stipulating conditions for withdrawing of U.S. troops remaining in Cuba after the Spanish-American War. The amendment, which was added to the Cuban constitution of 1901, affected Cuba's rights to negotiate treaties and permitted the U.S. to maintain its naval base at Guantánamo Bay and to intervene in Cuban affairs “for the preservation of Cuban independence.” In 1934 Pres. Franklin Roosevelt supported abrogation of the amendment's provisions except for U.S. rights to the naval base. Seealso Good Neighbor Policy.

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(born July 19, 1827, Washington, Conn., U.S.—died April 21, 1905, Washington) U.S. politician. He served in the Connecticut legislature (1861–62, 1864, 1869) and later in the U.S. Senate (1879–1905), where he sponsored legislation concerning patents and copyrights. He was chairman of the committee on territories (1887–93), which recommended admission of six new western states. He is remembered for sponsoring the Platt Amendment (1901), which became the basis for the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Cuba following the Spanish-American War of 1898.

Learn more about Platt, Orville Hitchcock with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Platt may refer to:Places

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