The platinum nanoparticle sizes range between 2-3 nanometres (nm). Trillions of platinum nanoparticles are suspended in the brownish red or black colored colloidal solution. Nanoparticles come in wide variety of shapes including spheres, rods, cubes, and caps.
Due to the antioxidant properties of the platinum nanoparticles, they are the subject of substantial research with applications in a wide variety of areas, including nanotechnology, medicine and the synthesis of novel materials with unique properties.
Platinum nanoparticles are fabricated by reduction of hexachloroplatinate. After dissolving hexachloroplatinate, the solution is rapidly stirred while a reducing agent is added. This causes platinum ions to be reduced to neutral platinum atoms. As more and more of these platinum atoms form, the solution becomes supersaturated and platinum gradually starts to precipitate in the form of sub-nanometre particles. The rest of the platinum atoms that form stick to the existing particles, and, if the solution is stirred vigorously enough, the particles will be fairly uniform in size. Various procedures employed to attain platinum nanoparticles include heating, reflux, cooling, stirring, filtration and filling, examinations & tests and packaging. To prevent the particles from aggregating, some sort of stabilizing agent or stabilizer that sticks to the nanoparticle surface is usually added. They can be functionalized with various organic ligands to create organic-inorganic hybrids with advanced functionality.
Nanoparticles may present possible safety issues both medically and environmentally. Most of these issues usually arise due to the high surface to volume ratio, which can make the particles of some metals very reactive or catalytic . Animal experiments conducted so far have not shown any risks. They are able to pass through cell membranes in organisms and their interactions with biological systems are relatively unknown. However, free nanoparticles in the environment quickly tend to agglomerate and thus leave the nano-regime, and nature itself presents many nanoparticles to which organisms on earth may have evolved immunity (such as salt particulates from ocean aerosols, terpenes from plants, or dust from volcanic eruptions).
New Nanotechnology - Platinum Nanoparticles Study Findings Have Been Reported by Scientists at Fudan University.(Report)
Feb 28, 2011; "In this paper, the dehydrogenation properties of ammonia-borane (AB, NH3BH3) modified with platinum nanoparticle functionalized...