Piquepoul tends to bud late and has some sensitivity to oidium. Its name means "lip-stinger" and refers to the high acidity of the grapes.
After the Great French Wine Blight, when large shifts in varieties planted took place, Piquepoul lost popularity due to its susceptibility to fungal diseases such as oidium and its low yield.
Both the blanc and noir versions of Piquepoul are permitted blending grapes for the production of Châteauneuf-du-Pape. However, in 2004 only 0.15% of the appellation's surface was planted with the Piquepoul varieties.
The wines are green-gold in colour, full-bodied, and show lemon flavours. Modernization of the winemaking has led to increased interest in these wines.
Synonyms for Piquepoul blanc include Avello, Avillo, Extra, Feher Piquepoul, Languedocien, Picapoll, Picapolla, Picapulla, Picpoul, Picpoul de Pinet.
Synonyms for Piquepoul gris include Avillo, Languedocien, Picapulla, Picpoul, Pikepul Seryi, Piquepoul rose, Szürke Piquepoul.
Synonyms for Piquepoul noir include Avillo, Kek Piquepoul, Languedocien, Pical, Pical Negro, Pical Polho, Picalpolho, Picapoll, Picapoll Negro, Picapouia, Picapouya, Picapulla, Picpouille, Picpoul, Picpoule, Picquepoul, Pikepul Chernyi, Pique Poule, Piquerette noire.
Picpoul is also a synonym for the variety Folle Blanche, which has no known relationship to Piquepol.