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Pinckney

Pinckney

[pingk-nee]
Pinckney. For some persons thus named, use Pinkney.
Pinckney, Charles, 1757-1824, American statesman, governor of South Carolina (1789-92, 1796-98, 1806-8), b. Charleston, S.C.; cousin of Charles C. Pinckney and Thomas Pinckney. He fought in the American Revolution and was taken prisoner in the British capture of Charleston (1780). A delegate to the U.S. Constitutional Convention of 1787, he submitted a plan for the Constitution. Although its exact provisions are not known, his plan had considerable influence on the final draft of the Constitution. In 1798 he became a U.S. Senator, and his services in forwarding Thomas Jefferson's presidential candidacy were rewarded by his appointment (1801) as minister to Spain. His principal assignment was to secure, with James Monroe's help, the cession of Florida to the United States. The attempt failed, and Pinckney returned home in 1805. From 1819 to 1821 he was a member of the House of Representatives, where he made a celebrated speech against the Missouri Compromise.

See G. C. Rogers, Charleston in the Age of the Pinckneys (1969).

Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth, 1746-1825, American political leader and diplomat, b. Charleston, S.C.; brother of Thomas Pinckney and cousin of Charles Pinckney. After attending Oxford and the military academy at Caen, France, he returned to Charleston, where in 1769 he began to practice law. Subsequent to serving (1775) in the provincial congress, he joined the Continental Army in the American Revolution and was captured by the British at Charleston in 1780. A delegate to the U.S. Constitutional Convention of 1787, he helped to secure South Carolina's ratification of the Constitution. In 1796 he was sent as minister to France but was not received by the French government. The next year he was joined by Elbridge Gerry and John Marshall in the mission that led to the notorious XYZ Affair; Pinckney refused to bribe French officials as a prerequisite for opening negotiations with them. He was an unsuccessful Federalist candidate for the vice presidency in 1800 and for the presidency in 1804 and 1808.

See biography by M. R. Zahniser (1967).

Pinckney, Thomas, 1750-1828, American political leader and diplomat, b. Charleston, S.C.; brother of C. C. Pinckney and cousin of Charles Pinckney. At the outbreak of the American Revolution he joined the militia; he saw action in Florida, took part in the defense of Charleston (1780), and was wounded and captured at Camden in the Carolina campaign. After the war he served as governor (1787-89). While minister to England (1792-96), he was sent as envoy extraordinary to Spain (1794-95). His treaty with Spain (1795) established commercial relations between the United States and Spain, provided for free navigation of the Mississippi by American citizens and Spanish subjects, granted the right of deposit at New Orleans, and set the boundaries of Louisiana and E and W Florida. As a member of Congress (1797-1801) he upheld Federalist measures but voted against the Sedition Act and expressed no eagerness for war with France. In the War of 1812 Pinckney was a major general.

See biography by C. C. Pinckney (1895); S. F. Bemis, Pinckney's Treaty (1960, repr. 1973); J. L. Cross, London Mission (1968).

(born Oct. 23, 1750, Charleston, S.C.—died Nov. 2, 1828, Charleston, S.C., U.S.) U.S. soldier, politician, and diplomat. The brother of Charles C. Pinckney and a cousin of Charles Pinckney, he served as governor of South Carolina (1787–89) and as minister to Britain (1792–96). As special envoy to Spain (1795), he negotiated the Treaty of San Lorenzo, also called Pinckney's Treaty, which fixed the southern border of the U.S. and granted the U.S. navigation rights on the Mississippi River and the right of deposit (storage of goods) at New Orleans. He was a major general in the War of 1812.

Learn more about Pinckney, Thomas with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born Oct. 23, 1750, Charleston, S.C.—died Nov. 2, 1828, Charleston, S.C., U.S.) U.S. soldier, politician, and diplomat. The brother of Charles C. Pinckney and a cousin of Charles Pinckney, he served as governor of South Carolina (1787–89) and as minister to Britain (1792–96). As special envoy to Spain (1795), he negotiated the Treaty of San Lorenzo, also called Pinckney's Treaty, which fixed the southern border of the U.S. and granted the U.S. navigation rights on the Mississippi River and the right of deposit (storage of goods) at New Orleans. He was a major general in the War of 1812.

Learn more about Pinckney, Thomas with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born Feb. 25, 1746, Charleston, S.C.—died Aug. 16, 1825, Charleston, S.C., U.S.) U.S. soldier, statesman, and diplomat. A cousin of Charles Pinckney and the brother of Thomas Pinckney, he was an aide to George Washington in the American Revolution, commanded at Savannah, Ga., and was promoted to brigadier general in 1783. He was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention. Appointed minister to France (1796), he was involved in negotiations that ended in the XYZ Affair; when one of the group of French negotiators suggested that the U.S. representatives offer a gift in order to gain a peace treaty, Pinckney is said to have replied, “No! No! Not a sixpence!” He was the unsuccessful Federalist candidate for vice president in 1800 and for president in 1804 and 1808.

Learn more about Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born Oct. 26, 1757, Charleston, S.C.—died Oct. 29, 1824, Charleston, S.C., U.S.) U.S. statesman. A cousin of Charles C. Pinckney and Thomas Pinckney, he fought in the American Revolution. From 1784 to 1787 he served in the Continental Congress, where he was instrumental in calling for the Constitutional Convention. As a delegate to the convention from South Carolina, he proposed numerous provisions that were incorporated in the final draft of the Constitution of the United States. He helped write the South Carolina constitution and was also governor of the state (1789–92, 1796–98, 1806–08). He served in the U.S. Senate from 1798 to 1801 and as minister to Spain from 1801 to 1805.

Learn more about Pinckney, Charles with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born Oct. 26, 1757, Charleston, S.C.—died Oct. 29, 1824, Charleston, S.C., U.S.) U.S. statesman. A cousin of Charles C. Pinckney and Thomas Pinckney, he fought in the American Revolution. From 1784 to 1787 he served in the Continental Congress, where he was instrumental in calling for the Constitutional Convention. As a delegate to the convention from South Carolina, he proposed numerous provisions that were incorporated in the final draft of the Constitution of the United States. He helped write the South Carolina constitution and was also governor of the state (1789–92, 1796–98, 1806–08). He served in the U.S. Senate from 1798 to 1801 and as minister to Spain from 1801 to 1805.

Learn more about Pinckney, Charles with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born Feb. 25, 1746, Charleston, S.C.—died Aug. 16, 1825, Charleston, S.C., U.S.) U.S. soldier, statesman, and diplomat. A cousin of Charles Pinckney and the brother of Thomas Pinckney, he was an aide to George Washington in the American Revolution, commanded at Savannah, Ga., and was promoted to brigadier general in 1783. He was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention. Appointed minister to France (1796), he was involved in negotiations that ended in the XYZ Affair; when one of the group of French negotiators suggested that the U.S. representatives offer a gift in order to gain a peace treaty, Pinckney is said to have replied, “No! No! Not a sixpence!” He was the unsuccessful Federalist candidate for vice president in 1800 and for president in 1804 and 1808.

Learn more about Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Pinckney is a village in Livingston County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 2,141 at the 2000 census.

Three miles west of Pinckney, on Patterson Lake Road, is the famous locale of Hell, Michigan.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.5 square miles (4.0 km²), of which, 1.5 square miles (3.9 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (3.25%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,141 people, 731 households, and 573 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,436.8 per square mile (554.8/km²). There were 778 housing units at an average density of 522.1/sq mi (201.6/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 97.80% White, 0.14% African American.

There were 731 households out of which 48.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.7% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.6% were non-families. 16.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.90 and the average family size was 3.28.

In the village the population was spread out with 32.7% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 36.0% from 25 to 44, 17.7% from 45 to 64, and 6.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 102.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.7 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $58,077, and the median income for a family was $60,776. Males had a median income of $45,125 versus $27,198 for females. The per capita income for the village was $20,429. About 4.4% of families and 5.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.8% of those under age 18 and 9.9% of those age 65 or over.

Cultural Life

Pinckney is the location of a number of festivals throughout the year, including an annual parade on Saint Patrick's day as well as Art in the Park and Hootin' in the Park village events.

Notable Residents

Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA) wrestler Chris Sabin is from Pinckney.

Pinckney is the birthplace of pioneering children's pop-up book artist and paper engineer Robert Sabuda and of novelist and short story writer Glendon Swarthout.

Erik Reichenbach, contestant on Survivor: Micronesia, is from Pinckney, Michigan.

Denny McLain, former pitcher for the Detroit Tigers and member of the 1968 World Series championship team, resides in Pinckney.

References

carlie

External links

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