of Parthia, known as Phraataces
(a diminutive), ruled the Parthian Empire
from 2 BC
to AD 4
. He was the younger son of Phraates IV of Parthia
(37–2 BC) and the "goddess Musa
", with whom he is associated on his coins. Under Phraates V a war threatened to break out with Rome
about the supremacy in Armenia
. But when Augustus
(27 BC – AD 14) sent his adopted son Gaius Caesar
into the east in order to invade Parthia, the Parthians preferred to conclude a treaty (AD 1
), by which once again Armenia was recognized as in the Roman sphere. Soon afterwards Phraates V and his mother were slain by the Parthians, about 4
. Josephus alleges that Phraates V married his mother Musa, and, this being unacceptable to the Parthians, they rose up and overthrew him, offering the crown to Orodes III of Parthia
(who ruled briefly in 6).
- Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews, xviii, 2.