(Greek:Φοιβίδας) was a Spartan
general who, in 382 BC
, seized the Theban
acropolis, thus giving Sparta control over Thebes. To punish his unauthorized action, Phoebidas was relieved of command. Nevertheless, the Spartans continued to hold Thebes. The Spartan king Agesilaus
argued against punishing Phoebidas, on the grounds that his actions had benefitted Sparta, pointing out that was the only standard by which he should be judged.
Several years later, Phoebidas's actions appear to have been the model for a similar action by another general, Sphodrias, who attempted to seize Piraeus, the port of Athens.
- Fine, John V.A. The Ancient Greeks: A critical history (Harvard University Press, 1983) ISBN 0-674-03314-0