Phi Kappa Psi (ΦΚΨ, Phi Psi) is a U.S. national college fraternity.
Phi Kappa Psi was founded in 1852 in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania
, on the campus of Jefferson College
by William Henry Letterman
and Charles Page Thomas Moore
. It forms the Jefferson Duo along with Phi Gamma Delta
, which was founded in 1848, also at Jefferson College. Through long nights of caring for a sick friend during an outbreak of disease, the founders grew to appreciate their service, and decided to form an organization that would ensconce these ideals, and on the dreary night of 19 February 1852
, the brotherhood of Phi Kappa Psi was born.
The Pennsylvania Beta Chapter at Allegheny College is currently the oldest uninterrupted chapter of any fraternity in the United States. It has been on Allegheny's campus since May 5th 1855, a span of 153 consecutive years. Although the Virginia Beta Chapter at Washington and Lee University was founded before the Pennsylvania Beta chapter, they were, of course, part of the Confederacy during the Civil War and seceded along with the rest of Virginia. This unfortunately caused the Virginia Beta chapter to no longer be recognized by Phi Kappa Psi National Headquarters until Virginia accepted the 15th Amendment on January 27, 1870 and was readmitted into the Union.
A full history of the organization and all relevant data can be found at PhiKappaPsi.com.
(Note: the Historian of Phi Kappa Psi maintains a Phi Psi 150 Yahoo Group for those interested in the Fraternity's history.) There are also three volumes of fraternity history that have been written and printed that divide Phi Psi's first 150 year history into 50 year spans (the final edition is due to be printed in 2008).
of Phi Kappa Psi was a result of efforts by John Henry Frizzell (Massachusetts Alpha, University of Massachusetts Amherst
, 1898) and Kent Christopher Owen (Indiana Beta, Indiana University
, 1958). It was adopted by the Grand Arch Council at Denver
in 1964. It reads as follows:
I believe that Phi Kappa Psi is a brotherhood of honorable men, courteous and cultured, who pledge throughout their lives to be generous, compassionate, and loyal comrades;
I believe that I am honor bound to strive manfully for intellectual, moral, and spiritual excellence; to help and forgive my Brothers; to discharge promptly all just debts; to give aid and sympathy to all who are less fortunate;
I believe that I am honor bound to strengthen my character and deepen my integrity; to counsel and guide my Brothers who stray from their obligations; to respect and emulate my Brothers who practice moderation in their manners and morals; to be ever mindful that loyalty to my Fraternity should not weaken loyalty to my college, but rather increase devotion to it, to my country, and to my God;
I believe that to all I meet, wherever I go, I represent not only Phi Kappa Psi, but indeed the spirit of all fraternities; thus I must ever conduct myself so as to bring respect and honor not to myself alone, but also to my Fraternity;
To the fulfillment of these beliefs, of these ideals, in the noble perfection of Phi Kappa Psi, I pledge my life and my sacred honor.
The fraternity flag is in the proportions of eight and one-half feet wide by six feet high; the colors are the official fraternity colors; the design is three vertical stripes of equal width, a hunter green in the middle, flanked on either side by a cardinal red stripe.
The Order of the S.C.
The Order of the S.C., formed in 1920 at the Grand Arch Council held in Minneapolis, Minnesota, is regarded by Phi Kappa Psi as a "fraternity within a fraternity" and has no peer in the men's fraternity world. Entrance can only be gained by attending at least seven Grand Arch Councils and performing, to the satisfaction of the Order, one or more acts of benefit to the Fraternity. The Order meets every two years, during Phi Kappa Psi's biennial Grand Arch Council. The words which the initials "S.C." represent are held secret by its members, and there are currently more than one hundred living members of the Order who guard its traditions and carry out its work.
Like many fraternal organizations, the Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity maintains an independent endowment for the educational benefit of its members. The Endowment Fund of the Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity, Inc., organized in 1914, is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit, public educational foundation. As of December 31st, 2004 the Endowment Fund had net assets of $18,928,712. In 2004 the Endowment Fund spent $1,085,515 on scholarships, grants and other educational activities for the fraternity's members.
Although established in 1914, it was not until the mid-1990s that the Endowment Fund began to flourish. In 1994, net assets totaled a mere $620,503. Ten years later, that amount grew to almost $19 million. In 2004, under the leadership of Tom Pennington, Director of Development, and Wayne Wilson, a probate attorney who serves as volunteer Chairman, the Endowment Fund of the Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity became the largest educational foundation of any American or international collegiate fraternity or sorority. Gifts from wealthy alumni have helped Phi Kappa Psi reach this goal. The fund also relies heavily on smaller contributions to its "Chapter Scholarship Foundation" program, whereby 90% of a donation can be ear-marked for the benefit of a specific chapter. This has spurred giving among those who have a strong connection with the chapter at their collegiate alma mater. The California Epsilon Chapter at the University of California, Los Angeles has the largest Chapter Scholarship Fund, with $1.9 million in 2008.
In 2006, the Endowment Fund and the Fraternity Headquarters moved from its downtown Indianapolis location into its new acquisition, Laurel Hall. Complete with Ruth Lilly Conference Center and public access for special events, this property has enabled Phi Kappa Psi to host national conferences and board meetings as well as gain revenue from rental of the facility to other Indianapolis area citizens. Its website is www.laurel-hall.com
University of Virginia
It is alleged by the state of Virginia
that on the night of 4 October 1984
, a member of the University of Virginia
chapter of Phi Kappa Psi drugged seventeen-year-old Elizabeth Schimpf, and that on the morning of 5 October 1984
, William Beebe and members of the fraternity gang-raped
Miss Schimpf. Beebe was arrested in Las Vegas in January 2006 and was extradited to Virginia. He entered into a plea bargain
with prosecutors in November 2006, at which time investigation was ongoing.
Shawn Collinsworth, executive director of the national fraternity, while acknowledging that Beebe lived in the chapter house, denies that Beebe himself was ever officially a member of the fraternity. The official membership directory of Phi Kappa Psi, The Grand Catalogue, has not listed any "William Beebe" as a member of the UVA or any chapter of the fraternity, since at least as far back as 1980.
San Diego State University
On 6 May 2008
, four members of Phi Kappa Psi at San Diego State University
were among 96 individuals, including 75 students, arrested as the result of an undercover investigation into drug trafficking on the University's campus after multiple overdose deaths around the campus.
Notable Phi Psi's
- Over 100 Phi Psis have served as members of the United States Congress, including 17 Senators
- Members have served in the following positions with the U.S. government: President of the United States, Attorney General, Secretary of the Treasury, Secretary of Commerce, Secretary of the Interior, Secretary of the Army (2), Postmaster General, Director of the Peace Corps (2), FDIC Chairman, and United States Ambassador (7)
- At least 12 members have served as state (or territory) governors
- More than 104,000 members have been initiated into Phi Kappa Psi since its founding in 1852.
- Evan Bayh, U.S. Senator (IN), former Governor of Indiana (1989-97) (Indiana Beta, Indiana University, 1975)
- Michael Bloomberg, Mayor of New York City, founder of Bloomberg L.P. (Maryland Alpha, Johns Hopkins University, 1961)
- Bruce Braley, U.S. Congressman (IA), (Iowa Beta, Iowa State University, 1976)
- Richard H. Davis, John McCain's 2008 Presidential Campaign Manager (Alabama Alpha, University of Alabama)
- Charlie Dent, U.S. Congressman (PA), (Pennsylvania Lambda, Pennsylvania State University, 1982)
- Earl Ehrhart, Georgia State Representative (Georgia Alpha, University of Georgia, 1978)
- Mark Filip, Deputy Attorney General, (Illinois Delta, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)
- Stephen Hadley, U.S. National Security Advisor (New York Alpha, Cornell University, 1966)
- Paul Helmke, President of Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence, (Indiana Beta, Indiana University, 1970)
- David Shafer, Georgia State Senator (Georgia Alpha, University of Georgia, 1983)
- Joseph W. Barr, United States Secretary of the Treasury (1968-69), Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Chairman (Indiana Alpha, DePauw University, 1936)
- Joseph Blatchford, Director of the Peace Corps (1969-71) (California Epsilon, UCLA, 1953)
- Pierce Butler, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (1922-39) (Minnesota Alpha, Carleton College, 1885)
- George E. Chamberlain, U.S. Senator (OR), Governor of Oregon (1903-09) (Virginia Beta, Washington and Lee University, 1872)
- John T. Connor, United States Secretary of Commerce (1965-67) (New York Beta, Syracuse University, 1933)
- Paul Coverdell, U.S. Senator (GA) (1993-2000, died in office), Director of the Peace Corps (Missouri Alpha, University of Missouri, 1959)
- John W. Davis, Democratic presidential nominee (1924), U.S. Ambassador to Britain, U.S. Solicitor General, noted attorney (Virginia Beta, Washington and Lee University, 1889)
- J. Edward Day, Postmaster General (1961-63) (Illinois Beta, University of Chicago, 1933)
- Robert "B.J." Dion, Professor of Political Science and Master of French (1981-1985), (Indiana Gamma Wabash College, 1832)
- Joseph Benson Foraker, U.S. Senator (OH), Governor of Ohio (1886-90), candidate for 1908 Republican presidential nomination, first alumnus president of Phi Kappa Psi (New York Alpha, Cornell University, 1866])
- James P. Goodrich, Governor of Indiana (1917-21) (Indiana Alpha, DePauw University, 1885)
- Herbert S. Hadley, Governor of Missouri (1909-13) (Kansas Alpha, University of Kansas, 1888)
- Homer A. Holt, Governor of West Virginia (1937-41) (Virginia Beta, Washington and Lee University, 1916)
- Lawrence Judd, Territorial Governor of Hawaii (1929-34), Governor of American Samoa (1953) (Pennsylvania Iota, University of Pennsylvania, 1906)
- John F. Kennedy, Jr., son of U.S. President John F. Kennedy, founder of George Magazine (Rhode Island Alpha, Brown University)
- Thomas H. Kuchel, U.S. Senator (CA), (1953-69; Senate Minority Whip) (California Delta, University of Southern California, 1929)
- William P. Lane, Governor of Maryland (1947-51) (Virginia Alpha, University of Virginia, 1910)
- Lloyd Lowndes, Jr., Governor of Maryland (1895-99) (Pennsylvania Beta, Allegheny College, 1864)
- A. Mitchell Palmer, United States Senate Attorney General (1919-21), candidate for 1920 Democratic presidential nomination (Pennsylvania Kappa, Swarthmore College, 1889)
- Raymond P. Shafer, Governor of Pennsylvania (1967-71) (Pennsylvania Beta, Allegheny College, 1935)
- William C. Sproul, Governor of Pennsylvania (1919-23), candidate for 1920 Republican presidential nomination (Pennsylvania Kappa, Swarthmore College, 1889)
- Lt. Gen. E.O. Thompson, Texas Railroad Commission's longest-serving member (1933-65) (Texas Alpha, University of Texas at Austin, 1913)
- James E. Watson, U.S. Senator (IN) (Majority Leader 1929-33), U.S. Congressman and Republican Party Whip (Indiana Alpha, DePauw University, 1881)
- President Woodrow Wilson, (1913-21), Governor of New Jersey (1911-13), President of Princeton University, Nobel Peace Prize recipient (Virginia Alpha, University of Virginia, 1879)
- Stephen Ailes, Secretary of the Army (1964-65) (West Virginia Alpha, West Virginia University, 1934)
- Maj. Gen. Scott C. Black, 37th Judge Advocate General of the United States Army (California Eta, California Polytechnic State University)
- Captain Henry H. Bingham, Congressman and Medal of Honor Recipient
- Gen. Tasker Bliss, U.S. Army Chief of Staff during World War I (Pennsylvania Gamma, Bucknell University, 1870)
- Maj. Gen. William "Wild Bill" Donovan, World War I Medal of Honor recipient, founder of the Office of Strategic Services (precursor of the CIA) during World War II (New York Gamma, Columbia University, 1903)
- John Marsh, Secretary of the Army (1981-89), U.S. Congressman (VA) (Virginia Beta, Washington and Lee University, 1948)
- Brig. Gen. William "Billy" Mitchell, Army General, Congressional Gold Medal recipient, (D.C. Alpha, George Washington University, 1896)
- Maj. Gen. Frank "Machine Gun" Parker, Commander of the U.S. Army's 1st Infantry Division during World War I (South Carolina Alpha, University of South Carolina, 1888)
- Maj. Gen. Henry Terrell, Commander of the U.S. Army's 90th Infantry Division during World War II (Texas Alpha, University of Texas at Austin, 1908)
- Over 60 Generals, 20 Admirals and at least 2 ships, including:
- The USS James C. Owens (DD-776) named after James C. Owens, Jr. (California Delta University of Southern California 1930)
- The USS Walter X. Young (APD-131) named after Walter X. Young (Illinois Beta, University of Chicago, 1937)
Arts and entertainment
- Tony Aiello, broadcast journalist, WCBS-TV (Indiana Beta, Indiana University, 1982)
- John Astin, actor (Pennsylvania Alpha, Washington and Jefferson College, 1949; Maryland Alpha, Johns Hopkins University, 1950)
- Wes Bergmann, Reality TV Personality The Real World: Austin (Arizona Beta, Arizona State University)
- Zach Braff, actor (Illinois Alpha, Northwestern University, 1997)
- Roy Crane, nationally-syndicated cartoonist (Texas Alpha, University of Texas at Austin, 1922)
- Peter Graves, actor (Minnesota Beta, University of Minnesota, 1946)
- Edward Herrmann, Emmy and Tony Award-winning actor (Pennsylvania Gamma, Bucknell University, 1965)
- Edward Everett Horton, stage and screen actor; television performer (New York Zeta, Brooklyn Poly, 1907)
- Frank Morgan, Academy Award-nominated actor (New York Alpha, Cornell University, 1908)
- James Whitcomb Riley, poet/writer (Indiana Alpha, DePauw University, 1883)
- Charles "Buddy" Rogers, actor/band leader (Kansas Alpha, University of Kansas, 1923)
- Roy Scheider, Academy Award-nominated actor (Pennsylvania Eta, Franklin and Marshall College, 1954)
- Steve Tesich, Academy Award-winning screenwriter (Indiana Beta, Indiana University, 1962)
- James Thurber, Pulitzer Prize-winning author and humorist (Ohio Delta, Ohio State University, 1918)
- Frederick Jackson Turner, prominent historian (Wisconsin Alpha, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1878)
- Pat Weaver, pioneering television executive and Emmy Award winner (New Hampshire Alpha, Dartmouth College, 1927)
- Justin Walker, actor, most famous for playing the role of Christian on 1995 cult classic Clueless, (Virginia Beta, Washington and Lee University).
- Phog Allen, Basketball Hall of Fame member, "Father of Basketball Coaching" (Kansas Alpha, University of Kansas, 1905)
- Kevin Berry, Olympic gold and bronze medal swimmer in 1964 (Indiana Beta, Indiana University, 1965)
- Ron 'Babe' Bontemps, Olympian (Wisconsin Gamma, Beloit College)
- Terry Bowden, former college football coach and current broadcaster (West Virginia Alpha, West Virginia University, 1975)
- Jeff Cirillo, current Major League Baseball player, All-Star 1997 and 2000 (California Delta, University of Southern California, 1989)
- Jerry Colangelo, Basketball Hall of Fame member, former Phoenix Suns and Arizona Diamondbacks majority owner (Illinois Delta, University of Illinois, 1959)
- Ford Frick, Major League Baseball Commissioner (1951-65), National Baseball Hall of Fame member (Indiana Alpha, DePauw University, 1913)
- Will Gates, Three time NCAA Men's national singles tennis champion and 2008 athlete of the year for NCAA division III sports, (Indiana Alpha, DePauw University, 2006)
- Johnny "Red" Kerr, former NBA player and coach, current broadcaster for the Chicago Bulls (Illinois Delta, University of Illinois, 1954)
- Nile Kinnick, Heisman Trophy winner (1939) (Iowa Alpha, University of Iowa, 1938)
- John Michels, former NFL player, first-round draft choice in 1996 (California Delta, University of Southern California)
- Ralph Miller, Basketball Hall of Fame member and former college coach (Kansas Alpha, University of Kansas, 1938)
- Tex Schramm, Pro Football Hall of Fame member, former Dallas Cowboys GM, key NFL innovator (Texas Alpha, University of Texas at Austin, 1940)
- Mark Spitz, Olympic swimming legend, won 7 gold medals in 1972 (Indiana Beta, Indiana University, 1969)
- Dick Tomey, current college football coach (Indiana Alpha, DePauw University, 1957)
- Michael Troy, gold medalist in the 200m butterfly and 800m freestyle at the 1960 Summer Olympics and Sports Illustrated cover subject, (Indiana Beta, Indiana University, 1959)
- George Yardley, Basketball Hall of Fame member (California Beta, Stanford University, 1947)
- Ron Yary, Pro Football Hall of Fame member, Outland Trophy winner (1967), NFL first overall draft choice (1968) (California Delta, University of Southern California, 1966)
- Michael Bloomberg, New York City Mayor (Maryland Alpha, Johns Hopkins University)
- Herbert H. Dow, Dow Chemical Company founder (Ohio Epsilon, Case Institute of Technology)
- David Fout, Aquilent CEO/President (Maryland Beta, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, 1988)
- Benjamin Lutch, Excite co-founder (California Beta, Stanford University, 1991)
- Jerry Nelson, Ticketmaster founder (California Epsilon, UCLA, 1948)
- Angus G. Wynne, Jr., Six Flags founder (Texas Alpha, University of Texas at Austin, 1933)
- Jerry Yang, Yahoo! co-founder and CEO (California Beta, Stanford University, 1987)
- Many leaders of major Fortune 500 corporations, banks, and national professional associations
- Current and recent presidents of the University of Cincinnati, MIT, University of San Francisco, Creighton University, Slippery Rock University, and the West Virginia University
- Former presidents of Case Western Reserve, Cornell University, University of Illinois, Johns Hopkins University, University of Kentucky, University of Montana, University of Pennsylvania, Penn State University, Princeton University, Wittenberg University, The College of New Jersey, and Washington and Jefferson College
- Owen Garriott, Skylab astronaut (Oklahoma Alpha, University of Oklahoma, 1949)
- Robert Lowry, Churchman and famed 19th-Century hymn-writer (Pennsylvania Gamma, Bucknell University, 1856); his work includes "Shall We Gather at the River," and "How Can I Keep From Singing?"
- Elliott See, Gemini astronaut (Texas Alpha, University of Texas at Austin, 1945)
- David G. Tyler, U.S. Congressman (VA), son of President John Tyler (Virginia Beta, Washington and Lee University, 1867)