is the discipline of pharmacy
which involves developing the professional roles of pharmacists.
Areas of pharmacy practice include:
- Disease-state management
- Clinical interventions (refusal to dispense a drug, recommendation to change and/or add a drug to a patient's pharmacotherapy, dosage adjustments, etc.)
- Professional development.
- Pharmaceutical care
- Extemporaneous pharmaceutical compounding.
- Communication skills
- Health psychology.
- Patient care
- Drug abuse prevention
- Prevention of drug interactions, including drug-drug interactions or drug-food interactions
- Prevention (or minimization) of adverse events
- Drug discovery and evaluation
- Detect pharmacotherapy-related problems, such as:
- The patient is taking a drug which he/she does not need.
- The patient is taking a drug for a specific disease, other than one afflicting the patient.
- The patient needs a drug for a specific disease, but is not receiving it.
- The patient is taking a drug underdose.
- The patient is taking a drug Drug overdose|overdose.
- The patient is having an adverse effect to a specific drug.
- The patient is suffering from a drug interaction.