is an essential oil
that is extracted from the leaves and twigs of the bitter orange
plant (Citrus aurantium var. amara
) via steam distillation. Its main regions of production are Paraguay
, with the former's product being of higher odour tenacity. Petitgrain oil (fr. little grain) gains its name from the fact that it used to be extracted from the small unripe oranges of the plant. The oil has a greenish woody orange smell that is is widely used in perfumery
and found in colognes.
The main constituents of petitgrain oil are geraniol, geranyl acetate, linalool, linalyl acetate, myrcene, nerol, neryl acetate, and terpineol.