On August 13th 2001 the Russian President signed presidential decree #1031, which founded Russian Television and Radio Broadcasting Network (RTRS), a federal state unitary enterprise. It emerged as a result of separation from VGTRK of all state and non-state program broadcasters, i.e. all regional TV and radio broadcasting centers.
In 2006, the Russian Ministry for Telecommunications and the Ministry for Culture and Mass Communication have prepared the text of the Federal programme for development of television and radio broadcasting in 2007–2015. The Document has estimated the total volume of investments in broadcasting needed for a digital switch-over at 1.950 million rubles and has identified major steps for the process such as the technical modernization of the state television and radio transmission networks, the construction of new terrestrial digital networks, and the training of specialists.
Telephones - main lines in use: 25.019 million (1995)
Telephones - mobile cellular: 161,000,000 (2007)
The telephone systems in the 60 regional capitals have modern digital infrastructures; cellular services, both analog and digital, are available in many areas. In the rural areas, the telephone services are still outdated, inadequate, and low density.
Russia is connected internationally by three undersea fiber-optic cables; digital switches in several cities provide more than 50,000 lines for international calls; satellite earth stations provide access to Intelsat, Intersputnik, Eutelsat, Inmarsat, and Orbita.
Radios: 61.5 million (1998)
Radio broadcasting stations: AM 420, FM 447, shortwave 56 (1998).
In the 1970s and 1980s, television become the preeminent mass medium. In 1988 approximately 75 million households owned television sets, and an estimated 93 percent of the population watched television. Moscow, the base from which most of the television stations broadcast, transmitted some 90 percent of the country's programs, with the help of more than 350 stations and nearly 1,400 relay facilities.
There are about 15,000 TV transmitters. Development of domestic digital TV transmitters, led within "Multichannel" research program, had already been finished. New domestic digital transmitters have been developed and installed in Nizhniy Novgorod and Saint Petersburg in 2001-2002.
The state public television broadcaster is Pervy kanal (Channel One).
Country code top-level domain: RU (Also SU - left from Soviet Union)