Southern Nations, Nationalities, and People's Region (often abbreviated as SNNPR) is one of the nine ethnic divisions (kililoch) of Ethiopia. It comprises the former Regions 7-11. Its capital is Awasa.
The SNNPR borders Kenya to the south, the Ilemi Triangle (a region claimed by Ethiopia, Kenya, and Sudan) to the southwest, Sudan to the west, the Ethiopian region of Gambela to the north, and the Ethiopian region of Oromia to the north and east. Besides Awasa, the region's major cities and towns include Arba Minch, Bonga, Chencha, Dila, Irgalem, Mizan Teferi, Sodo, Wendo, and Worabe.
Based on figures from the Central Statistical Agency
of Ethiopia (CSA) published in 2005, the SNNPR has an estimated total population of 14,901,990, consisting of 7,408,993 men and 7,492,997 women. 13,625,000 or 91.4% of the population are estimated to be rural inhabitants, while 1,277,000 or 8.57% are urban; this makes the SNNPR Ethiopia's most rural region. With an estimated area of 112,343.19 square kilometers, this region has an estimated density of 132.65 people per square kilometer.
These estimates are based on the 1994 census, in which the region's total population was reported to be 10,377,028 of which 5,161,787 were males and 5,215,241 were females. At the time of the census, the rural population of the Region accounted for 93.2% of the total population. Semien Omo, Sidama, and Gurage were the three zones with the highest population. The population is concentrated mostly in eastern, northern and central part of the SNNPR while the western and southern part of the Region is sparsely populated.
According to the 1994 census 34.8% of inhabitants were Protestants, 27.6% Orthodox Christians, 16.7% Muslims, 15.4% followers of traditional religions and 3,0% Roman Catholics.
The SNNPR Water Resources Bureau announced that as of the fiscal year ending in 2006, they had increased the area of the Region that had access to potable water to 54% from 10-15% 15 years ago. 60 million Birr has been allocated for the next fiscal year to bring coverage to an additional 34 woredas and 21 towns, increasing coverage to 59% of the population.
The SNNPR, being an amalgam of the main homelands of numerous ethnicities
, contains over 45 indigenous ethnic groups
. The 1994 census reported that the predominantly spoken languages include Sidamigna
(5.22%), and Kembatigna
(4.35%). Other languages spoken in the State include Gamoigna
, and Gedeo
; because of the relatively few number of speakers of most of the languages in the region, the working language of the state is Amharic
(the most widely spoken language in Ethiopia and formerly the only official language).
The ethnicities in the SNNPR include:
The CSA reported that for 2004-2005 100,338 tons of coffee were produced in the SNNPR, based on inspection records from the Ethiopian Coffee and Tea authority. This represents 44.2% of the total production in Ethiopia. Farmers in the Region had an estimated total 7,938,490 head of cattle (representing 20.5% of Ethiopia's total cattle), 3,270,200 sheep (18.8%), 2,289,970 goats (17.6%), 298,720 horses 19.7%), 63,460 mules (43.1%), 278,440 asses (11.1%), 6,586,140 poultry of all species (21.3%), and 726,960 beehives (16.7%).
Presidents of the Executive Committee
(This list is based on information from Worldstatesmen.org)
: This list is based on information from the latest population estimates of the CSA; however, the list of second administrative level bodies maintained by the United Nations Geographic Information Working Group
divides some of these Zones and recognizes some of the woredas as not belonging to any Zone -- what is known as a "special woreda".