Pennsylvania's_12th_congressional_district

Pennsylvania's 12th congressional district

Pennsylvania's 12th congressional district is one of Pennsylvania's districts of the United States House of Representatives. It is currently represented by John Murtha, a Democrat.

Geography

The 12th Pennsylvania congressional district is located in southwestern Pennsylvania. It is a heavily Gerrymandered district. It consists of all of Greene County, and parts of Allegheny, Armstrong, Cambria, Fayette, Indiana, Somerset, Washington, and Westmoreland Counties.

The district was drawn specifically for Murtha, including many heavily Democratic regions, while leaving more right-leaning Pittsburgh suburban regions to the 4th or 18th district, and rural conservative regions to the 3rd or 9th district.

The 12th includes all of Greene County, a highly rural region that still has a traditionally Democratic influence due to its labor leanings. In Washington county, the city of Washington, a large and Democratic edge suburb of Pittsburgh is a part of the 12th, as well as the eastern portion of the county, which includes the very Democratic former steel megacenter, the Monongahela Valley region. However, more rural western Washington County and the suburban northern portion of the county (with towns like McDonald and Canonsburg) belongs to the 18th. The western portion of Fayette County, including the city of Uniontown, a labor Democratic stronghold is part of this district, while the rural mountainous eastern portion is a part of the 9th.

The 12th District continues eastward, including southeastern and northeastern parts of Westmoreland County, including the labor Democratic city of Latrobe, while leaving the suburban western part of the county (with towns such as Murrysville) and the generally right-leaning city of Greensburg in the 18th. Portions of Somerset and Cambria Counties are also included in this district. This strip, the part of a large coal area with Democratic leanings, is Murtha's main base. It includes his home city of Johnstown. The 12th also contains a part of Indiana County, mainly the liberal college town of Indiana.

The 12th completes its wrap around the metro Pittsburgh region by ending in the northeastern corner of the city's suburbs, containing middle class regions such as Lower Burrell and the working class suburb of New Kensington. A portion of Armstrong County is also included in the district, including several industrial suburbs such as Freeport and Apollo.

Demographics

History

2006 elections

In the 2006 election, Murtha was re-elected with 61% of the vote. His Republican opponent, Washington County Commissioner Diana Irey, received 39%.

2008 elections

Murtha is again the incumbent for this district. His opponent is Lieutenant Colonel William T. Russell, a United States Army veteran.

Representatives

Representative Party Years District home Note
District created in 1795 from Pennsylvania's At-large congressional district
Albert Gallatin Democratic-Republican 1795–1801 Fayette County Appointed United States Secretary of the Treasury in 1801
William Hoge Democratic-Republican 1801–1803 Washington Moved to Pennsylvania's 10th congressional district
District eliminiated in 1803
District recreated in 1813
Aaron Lyle Democratic-Republican 1813–1817
Thomas Patterson Democratic-Republican 1817–1823 Did not seek renomination
John Brown Democratic-Republican 1823–1825 Lewistown
John Mitchell Jacksonian 1825–1829 Bellefonte Unsuccessful candidate for reelection
John Scott Jacksonian 1829–1831 Alexandria Unsuccessful candidate for reelection
Robert Allison Anti-Masonic 1831–1833 Huntingdon Not a candidate for renomination
George Chambers Anti-Masonic 1833–1837 Chambersburg
Daniel Sheffer Democrat 1837–1839 York Springs Unsuccessful candidate for reelection
James Cooper Whig 1839–1843 Gettysburg
George Fuller Democrat 1843–1844 Montrose Died in office
George Fuller Democrat 1844–1845 Montrose
David Wilmot Democrat 1845–1851 Towanda Not a candidate for renomination
Galusha A. Grow Democrat 1851–1853 Glenwood Moved from Pennsylvania's 14th congressional district
Hendrick B. Wright Democrat 1853–1855 Wilkes-Barre Unsuccessful candidate for reelection
Henry M. Fuller Opposition 1855–1857 Wilkes-Barre Not a candidate for renomination
John G. Montgomery Democrat 1857 Danville Died in office
Paul Leidy Democrat 1857–1859
George W. Scranton Republican 1859–1861 Died in office
Hendrick B. Wright Democrat 1861–1863
Charles Denison Democrat 1863–1867 Died in office
George W. Woodward Democrat 1867–1871 Not a candidate for renomination
Lazarus D. Shoemaker Republican 1871–1875 Not a candidate for renomination
Winthrop W. Ketchum Republican 1875–1876 Resigned from office
William H. Stanton Democrat 1876–1877 Not a candidate for reelection
Hendrick B. Wright Democrat 1877–1879 Wilkes-Barre Switched to Greenback Party
Greenback 1879–1881 Unsuccessful candidate for reelection
Joseph A. Scranton Republican 1881–1883 Scranton Unsuccessful candidate for rerelection
Daniel W. Connolly Democrat 1883–1885 Scranton Unsuccessful candidate for rerelection
Joseph A. Scranton Republican 1885–1887 Scranton Unsuccessful candidate for rerelection
John Lynch Democrat 1887–1889 Wilkes-Barre Unsuccessful candidate for rerelection
Edwin S. Osborne Republican 1889–1891 Wilkes-Barre Not a candidate for renomination
George W. Shonk Republican 1891–1893 Wilkes-Barre Declined to be a candidate for renomination
William H. Hines Democrat 1893–1895 Wilkes-Barre Unsuccessful candidate for rerelection
John Leisenring Republican 1895–1897 Upper Lehigh Declined to be a candidate for reelection
Morgan B. Williams Republican 1897–1899 Wilkes-Barre Unsuccessful candidate for rerelection
Stanley W. Davenport Democrat 1899–1901 Plymouth Unsuccessful candidate for renomination
Henry W. Palmer Republican 1901–1903 Wilkes-Barre Did not run for office in 1910
George R. Patterson Republican 1903–1906 Ashland Died in office
Charles N. Brumm Republican 1906–1909 Minersville Resigned when he was elected judge of the court of common pleas of Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania
Alfred B. Garner Republican 1909–1911 Ashland
Robert E. Lee Democrat 1911–1915 Pottsville Unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1914
Robert D. Heaton Republican 1915–1919 Pottsville Not a candidate for reelection in 1918
John Reber Republican 1919–1923 Pottsville Not a candidate for reelection in 1922
John J. Casey Democrat 1923–1925 Wilkes-Barre Unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1924
Edmund N. Carpenter Republican 1925–1927 Wilkes-Barre Unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1926
John J. Casey Democrat 1927–1929 Wilkes-Barre Died in office
C. Murray Turpin Republican 1929–1937 Wilkes-Barre Unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1936
J. Harold Flannery Democrat 1937–1943 Pittston Resigned in 1942 to become judge of the common pleas court of Luzerne County, Pennsylvania
Thomas B. Miller Republican 1942–1945 Wilkes-Barre Unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1944
Ivor D. Fenton Republican 1945–1963 Mahonoy City Unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1962
J. Irving Whalley Republican 1963–1973 Pittsburgh Not a candidate for reelection in 1972
John P. Saylor Republican 1973 Johnstown Died in office
John Murtha Democrat 1973 – Incumbent Johnstown Incumbent

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