is a county
in the U.S. state
. It is part of the Battle Creek, Michigan
, Metropolitan Statistical Area
. As of the 2000 census
, the population was 137,985. The county seat
. Calhoun County was established on October 19
and named after John C. Calhoun
, who was at the time Vice President
under Andrew Jackson
, making it one of Michigan's Cabinet counties
. County government was first organized March 6
According to the U.S. Census Bureau
, the county has a total area of 718 square miles
), of which, 709 square miles (1,836 km²) of it is land and 10 square miles (25 km²) of it (1.35%) is water.
Michigan State Trunklines
As of the 2000 census
, there were 137,985 people, 54,100 households, and 36,247 families residing in the county. The population density
was 195 people per square mile (75/km²). There were 58,691 housing units at an average density of 83 per square mile (32/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 83.93% White
, 10.89% Black
or African American
, 0.63% Native American
, 1.11% Asian
, 0.02% Pacific Islander
, 1.29% from other races
, and 2.13% from two or more races. 3.15% of the population were Hispanic
of any race. 19.7% were of German
, 13.9% American
, 12.9% English
and 8.5% Irish
ancestry according to Census 2000
. 95.5% spoke English
and 2.6% Spanish
as their first language.
There were 54,100 households out of which 31.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.60% were married couples living together, 13.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.00% were non-families. 27.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the county the population was spread out with 26.00% under the age of 18, 8.90% from 18 to 24, 28.30% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, and 13.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 94.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.80 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $38,918, and the median income for a family was $47,167. Males had a median income of $37,001 versus $26,464 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,230. About 8.10% of families and 11.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.20% of those under age 18 and 9.00% of those age 65 or over.
The county government operates the jail
, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts,
keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records
, administers public health
participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county
board of commissioners
controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In
Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street
maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.
Calhoun County elected officials
(information as of September 2005)
Cities, villages and townships
There are 83 recognized Michigan historical markers in the county.