Peire started his career as a troubadour in the court of Raimon V of Toulouse and was also associated with Viscount Barral of Marseille, King Alfonso II of Aragon and Boniface of Montferrat. He may have taken part in the Third Crusade. He was described as an erratic character, and a malicious gossip.
Forty-five of his songs have been preserved to this day. The twelve that still have melodies bear testament to the deserved nature of his musical reputation.