Paullinia is a genus of shrubs, small trees and lianas in the soapberry family Sapindaceae, native to tropical South America, Central America and the Caribbean.
The genus is named after the German medical botanist Christian Franz Paullini, who discovered the genus in the Caribbean in the 18th century.Selected species
Several uses are recorded. The fruit
of several species are edible, with P. cupana
) being the most popular. Other species, notably P. yoco
), are used as herbal medicines
for various treatments. The sap
of some species, notably P. cururu
is highly toxic, and is used as an arrow poison
by Native American
tribes in South America.