Paul Spyros Sarbanes (Παύλος Σπύρος Σαρμπάνης) (born February 3, 1933), a Democrat, is a former United States Senator who represented the state of Maryland. Sarbanes was the longest-serving senator in Maryland history, having served from 1977 until 2007. He did not seek re-election in 2006 and was then replaced by Ben Cardin. Sarbanes was known for his low-key style, often shunning the limelight over his 30-year Senate career. However, he did lend his name to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, which put his name in the headlines.
A graduate of Wicomico High School in Salisbury, Maryland, Sarbanes attended Princeton University, earning a bachelor's degree in 1954. He was awarded a Rhodes Scholarship that brought him to Balliol College of the University of Oxford in Oxford, England, graduating with a First Class degree in 1957. Sarbanes then returned to the United States and attended Harvard Law School.
After graduating in 1960, he clerked for Federal Judge Morris A. Soper before entering private practice with two Baltimore, Maryland law firms. In June 1960, Sarbanes married Christine Dunbar of Brighton, England; they have three children (John Sarbanes, Michael Anthony Sarbanes, and Janet Matina Sarbanes) and six grandchildren. Sarbanes is a member of the Greek Orthodox Cathedral of the Annunciation in Baltimore.
In 1966, Sarbanes ran for the Maryland House of Delegates in Baltimore City and won. During his four years as a State delegate in Annapolis, Maryland he served on both the Judiciary and the Ways and Means Committees.
He was elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1970 from the fourth district of Maryland and was reelected in 1972 and 1974 from the third district. While in the House, Sarbanes served on the Judiciary Committee, the Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committee, and the Select Committee on House Reorganization. It was during his service in the House, in August 1974, that Sarbanes was selected by his Democratic colleagues on the House Watergate Committee to introduce the first Article of Impeachment, for obstruction of justice, against President Richard Nixon.
In 1976, Sarbanes was elected to the United States Senate and re-elected in 1982, 1988, 1994 and 2000. In 2002, Sarbanes was the Senate sponsor of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, which reformed federal securities laws in the wake of the 2002 corporate accounting scandals.
Sarbanes served on the following Senate committees:
On March 11, 2005, Sarbanes, the longest serving senator in Maryland history, announced at a news conference his decision not to seek re-election in 2006. When the 110th Congress convened in 2007, he was succeeded by Ben Cardin. For more information, see Maryland United States Senate election, 2006.
|1970||Congress, MD 4th district||General||Paul Sarbanes||Democratic||93,093||69.71%||Robert Morrow||Republican||40,442||30.29%|
|1972||Congress, MD 3rd district||General||Paul Sarbanes||Democratic||93,218||83.84%||William Matthews||Republican||17,967||16.16%|
|1974||Congress, MD 3rd district||General||Paul Sarbanes||Democratic||54,936||70.05%||David Fentress||Republican||23,491||29.95%|
|1976||MD Senator, Class 1||General||Paul Sarbanes||Democratic||772,101||59.28%||John Glenn Beall, Jr. (incumbent)||Republican||530,439||40.72%|
|1982||MD Senator, Class 1||General||Paul Sarbanes||Democratic||707,356||63.46%||Lawrence Hogan||Republican||407,334||36.54%|
|1988||MD Senator, Class 1||General||Paul Sarbanes||Democratic||999,166||61.8%||Alan Keyes||Republican||617,537||38.2%|
|1994||MD Senator, Class 1||General||Paul Sarbanes||Democratic||809,125||59.1%||Bill Brock||Republican||559,908||40.9%|
|2000||MD Senator, Class 1||General||Paul Sarbanes||Democratic||1,230,013||63.23%||Paul Rappaport||Republican||715,178||36.77%|