Paul Sarbanes

Paul Sarbanes

Paul Spyros Sarbanes (Παύλος Σπύρος Σαρμπάνης) (born February 3, 1933), a Democrat, is a former United States Senator who represented the state of Maryland. Sarbanes was the longest-serving senator in Maryland history, having served from 1977 until 2007. He did not seek re-election in 2006 and was then replaced by Ben Cardin. Sarbanes was known for his low-key style, often shunning the limelight over his 30-year Senate career. However, he did lend his name to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, which put his name in the headlines.

Early life and family

Paul Sarbanes was born on Maryland's Eastern Shore in the city of Salisbury. His parents, Spyros P. Sarbanes and Matina Tsigounis, were immigrants from Laconia, Greece, and owned a Salisbury restaurant.

A graduate of Wicomico High School in Salisbury, Maryland, Sarbanes attended Princeton University, earning a bachelor's degree in 1954. He was awarded a Rhodes Scholarship that brought him to Balliol College of the University of Oxford in Oxford, England, graduating with a First Class degree in 1957. Sarbanes then returned to the United States and attended Harvard Law School.

After graduating in 1960, he clerked for Federal Judge Morris A. Soper before entering private practice with two Baltimore, Maryland law firms. In June 1960, Sarbanes married Christine Dunbar of Brighton, England; they have three children (John Sarbanes, Michael Anthony Sarbanes, and Janet Matina Sarbanes) and six grandchildren. Sarbanes is a member of the Greek Orthodox Cathedral of the Annunciation in Baltimore.

His son, John Sarbanes, won the general election for Maryland's 3rd congressional district in 2006, the district that Paul Sarbanes represented prior to his election as senator.

Political career

In 1966, Sarbanes ran for the Maryland House of Delegates in Baltimore City and won. During his four years as a State delegate in Annapolis, Maryland he served on both the Judiciary and the Ways and Means Committees.

He was elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1970 from the fourth district of Maryland and was reelected in 1972 and 1974 from the third district. While in the House, Sarbanes served on the Judiciary Committee, the Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committee, and the Select Committee on House Reorganization. It was during his service in the House, in August 1974, that Sarbanes was selected by his Democratic colleagues on the House Watergate Committee to introduce the first Article of Impeachment, for obstruction of justice, against President Richard Nixon.

In 1976, Sarbanes was elected to the United States Senate and re-elected in 1982, 1988, 1994 and 2000. In 2002, Sarbanes was the Senate sponsor of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, which reformed federal securities laws in the wake of the 2002 corporate accounting scandals.

Sarbanes served on the following Senate committees:

On March 11, 2005, Sarbanes, the longest serving senator in Maryland history, announced at a news conference his decision not to seek re-election in 2006. When the 110th Congress convened in 2007, he was succeeded by Ben Cardin. For more information, see Maryland United States Senate election, 2006.

Election history

Year Office Election Subject Party Votes % Opponent Party Votes %
1970 Congress, MD 4th district General

Paul Sarbanes Democratic 93,093 69.71% Robert Morrow Republican 40,442 30.29%
1972 Congress, MD 3rd district General

Paul Sarbanes Democratic 93,218 83.84% William Matthews Republican 17,967 16.16%
1974 Congress, MD 3rd district General

Paul Sarbanes Democratic 54,936 70.05% David Fentress Republican 23,491 29.95%
1976 MD Senator, Class 1 General

Paul Sarbanes Democratic 772,101 59.28% John Glenn Beall, Jr. (incumbent) Republican 530,439 40.72%
1982 MD Senator, Class 1 General

Paul Sarbanes Democratic 707,356 63.46% Lawrence Hogan Republican 407,334 36.54%
1988 MD Senator, Class 1 General

Paul Sarbanes Democratic 999,166 61.8% Alan Keyes Republican 617,537 38.2%
1994 MD Senator, Class 1 General

Paul Sarbanes Democratic 809,125 59.1% Bill Brock Republican 559,908 40.9%
2000 MD Senator, Class 1 General

Paul Sarbanes Democratic 1,230,013 63.23% Paul Rappaport Republican 715,178 36.77%

References

Footnotes

External links

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