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Thomas Matulessy (?1783-1817), also known as Pattimura, was an Ambonese Christian soldier who led a rebellion against Dutch forces on Saparua near Ambon in Maluku.

He took the Dutch fortress there and repelled the colonial force sent against him. The Dutch Resident on Saparua and his family (except for one child) were murdered, the Dutch sent reinforcements from Batavia (modern-day Jakarta); the rebels were defeated and Matulesia surrendered. In December 1817 he was hanged along with three others.


  • Ricklefs, M.C. A History of Modern Indonesia since c.1300 (Second Edition). MacMillan. ISBN 0-333-57690-X.

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