is a German four masted steel barque
and one of the Flying P-Liners
, the famous sailing ships of the German
shipping company F. Laeisz
. The name "Passat" means a trade wind
in German language
Launched in 1911 by Blohm & Voss
shipyard, Hamburg, the ship was used for decades as a cargo ship until well into the age of steamships. She participated in "The Last Grain Races", famous races around Cape Horn by the last working sailing ships. Among her crew was the bosun Niels Jannasch
who later became the director of Canada's Maritime Museum of the Atlantic
. In the 1950s, Passat
(which was not an exact sister ship of the Passat
) became school ships of the German merchant marine
. In 1957, a few weeks after the tragic loss of Pamir
and shortly after having been severely hit by a storm, Passat
was decommissioned. She had experienced almost the same fate as the Pamir
when her loose barley cargo shifted.
The ship is now a youth hostel, venue and museum ship anchored in Travemünde, a borough of Lübeck, Germany.
Her true sister ship
is the Peking
, which has also survived as a museum ship. She is an attraction at the South Street Seaport
museum, harbour of New York
in the United States
. The Pamir
has often been and is still discussed as Passat
's sister ship because both ships sometimes showed up pairwise in the 1950s. The last eight four-masted barques ordered by Laeisz have been incorrectly called "The Eight Sisters" because of their similarity including Pangani
(which never sailed under the Laeisz flag) and Padua
which now sails the seas under the Russian flag as the sail training ship Kruzenshtern
. Of these eight ships Pangani
had no true sister ships.
Footage of the Passat on the internet
- Original footage of the ship from 1957 is included in the documentary by Heinrich Klemme, Die Pamir ("The Pamir", 1959).
- A clip of the German documentary is available at www.schiele-schoen.de, with the last 29 seconds featuring Passat (not under sails) shortly after she was hit by a severe storm in 1957.