Pass line

Tōkaidō Main Line

The is the busiest trunk line of Japan Railway (JR), connecting Tokyo Station and Kobe Station. It is 589.5 km (366 miles) long, not counting its many freight feeder lines around the major cities. The Tōkaidō Shinkansen runs largely parallel to the line.

The term "Tōkaidō Main Line" is largely a holdover from pre-Shinkansen days: now, various portions of the line have different names, which are officially used in JR. Today, there are no passenger trains that operate over the entire length of the line (other than certain overnight services; see below), so longer intercity trips require several transfers along the way.

The Tōkaidō Main Line is operated by three JR companies:

Route data

  • East Japan Railway Company, Central Japan Railway Company, West Japan Railway Company
  • Total distance: 713.6 km (Tōkyō — Kōbe)
    • East Japan Railway Company
      • 104.6 km (Tōkyō — Atami)
      • 17.8 km (Shinagawa — Shin-Kawasaki — Tsurumi)
      • 20.6 km (Hamamatsuchō — Tōkyō Freight Terminal — Kawasaki Freight Terminal — Hama-Kawasaki)
      • 2.3 km (Tsurumi — Hacchō-Nawate)
      • 8.5 km (Tsurumi — Higashi-Takashima — Sakuragichō)
      • 2.7 km (Irie Signalbox — Shin-Kyō) (not used by passenger trains, currently being removed)
      • 16.0 km (Tsurumi — Yokohama-Hazawa — Higashi-Totsuka)
    • Central Japan Railway Company
      • 341.3 km (Atami — Maibara)
      • 5.0 km (Ōgaki — Mino-Akasaka)
      • 13.8 km (Ōgaki — (Shin-Tarui) — Sekigahara)
    • West Japan Railway Company
      • 143.6 km (Maibara — Kōbe)
      • 3.3 km (Umekōji — Tambaguchi) (not used by passenger trains)
      • 10.7 km (Suita — (Miyahara Switchyard) — Amagasaki) (this section is also known as the Hoppō Freight Line)
      • 8.5 km (Suita — Umeda — Fukushima) (used by limited express Haruka); this section is also known as the Umeda Freight Line)
    • Japan Freight Railway Company
      • First Type Railway Operation (holds each lines and operate freight trains)
        • 6.2 km (Sannō Signalbox — Nagoya-Minato)
        • 8.7 km (Suita Signalbox — Ōsaka Freight Terminal)
      • Second Type Railway Operation (borrows each lines from other JR companies and operate freight trarins)
        • 97.8 km (Shinagawa — Atami)
        • 13.9 km (Shinagawa — Shin-Tsurumi Signalbox)
        • 12.9 km (Tōkyō Freight Terminal — Hama-Kawasaki)
        • 16.0 km (Tsurumi — Yokohama-Hazawa — Higashi-Totsuka)
        • 2.3 (Tsurumi — Hacchō-Nawate)
        • 11.2 km (Tsurumi — Shin-Kyō — Sakuragichō) (these lines are borrowed from JR East)
        • 341.3 km (Atami — Maibara)
        • 10.7 km (Minami-Arao Signalbox — Sekigahara)
        • 1.9 km (Minami-Arao Signalbox — Mino-Akasaka) (these lines are borrowed from Central JR)
        • 139.0 km (Maibara — Kōbe) (via Hoppō Freight Line)
        • 3.3 km (Umekōji — Tambaguchi)
        • 8.5 km (Suita — Umeda — Fukushima) (these lines are borrowed from JR West)
  • Rail gauge: 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
  • Stations: 161 (not including branch line stations other than Shinagawa — Shin-Kawasaki and Ōgaki — Mino-Akasaka sections)
    • JR East: 34
    • JR Central: 80
    • JR West: 47
  • Tracks
    • Three-track or more
      • 83.9 km (Tōkyō — Odawara)
      • 98.1 km (Kusatsu — Kōbe)
    • Dual-track
      • Odawara — Kusatsu
      • Shinagawa — Shin-Kawasaki — Tsurumi
      • Hamamatsuchō — Tōkyō Freight Terminal — Kawasaki Freight Terminal — Hama-Kawasaki
      • Tsurumi — Hacchō-Nawate
      • Tsurumi — Higashi-Takashima
      • Tsurumi — Yokohama-Hazawa — Higashi-Totsuka
      • Suita — Umeda
      • Suita — (Miyahara Switchyard) — Amagasaki
    • Single-track
      • Irie Signalbox — Shin-Kyō
      • Higashi-Takashima — Sakuragichō
      • Sannō Signalbox — Nagoya-Minato
      • Ōgaki — Mino-Akasaka
      • Ōgaki — (Shin-Tarui) — Sekigahara
      • Umekōji — Tambaguchi
      • Suita — Ōsaka Freight Terminal
      • Umeda — Fukushima
  • Electrification: All; 1,500 V DC (except Sannō Signalbox — Nagoya-Minato section)

Stations

Tokyo area

This section is operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East).

The Tōkaidō Main Line in the Greater Tokyo Area is often referred to as Shōnan densha (湘南電車). It has rapid services called and Commuter Rapid (通勤快速). It runs on dedicated tracks parallel to the Yamanote Line in central Tokyo, the Keihin-Tōhoku Line between Tokyo and Yokohama, and the Yokosuka Line between Tokyo and Ōfuna.

Almost all trains along this section of the line have "Green Cars" with forward-facing seats, which can be used after paying an additional fee.

Shōnan-Shinjuku Line trains also run on this segment north from Yokohama through west-central Tokyo to Saitama.

Station Japanese Distance (km) Stop Transfers Location
from Tokyo Rapid Acty Commuter Rapid Ward, City (Town) Prefecture
Tokyo 東京 0.0
East Japan Railway Company (JR East): Tōhoku Shinkansen, Jōetsu Shinkansen, Yamanote Line, Chūō Main Line, Sōbu Main Line, Yokosuka Line, Keiyō Line, Keihin-Tōhoku Line
Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central):Tōkaidō Shinkansen
Tokyo Metro:Marunouchi Line(M-17), Tōzai Line(Ōtemachi Station: T-09)
Chiyoda Tokyo
Shimbashi 新橋 1.9 1.9
JR East: Yamanote Line, Yokosuka Line, Keihin-Tōhoku Line
Tokyo Metro: Ginza Line(G-08)
Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation: Asakusa Line(A-10)
Yurikamome
Minato-ku
Shinagawa 品川 4.7 6.8
East Japan Railway Company: Yokosuka Line, Keihin-Tōhoku Line, Yamanote Line
JR Central: Tōkaidō Shinkansen
Keihin Electric Express Railway: Keikyu Main Line
Kawasaki 川崎 11.4 18.2
JR East: Keihin-Tōhoku Line, Nambu Line
(Keikyu-Kawasaki) Keihin Electric Express Railway: Main Line, Daishi Line
Kawasaki-ku, Kawasaki Kanagawa
Yokohama 横浜 10.6 28.8
JR East: Keihin-Tōhoku Line, Negishi Line, Yokosuka Line
Tokyu Corporation: Tōkyū Tōyoko Line
Keihin Electric Express Railway: Main Line
Sagami Railway: Main Line
Yokohama City Transportation Bureau: Yokohama municipal subway line 3 (Blue Line)
Yokohama Minatomirai Railway Company: Minatomirai Line
Nishi-ku, Yokohama
Totsuka 戸塚 12.1 40.9
JR East: Yokosuka Line
Yokohama City Transportation Bureau: Yokohama municipal subway line 1 (Blue Line)
Totsuka-ku, Yokohama
Ōfuna 大船 5.6 46.5
JR East: Negishi Line, Yokosuka Line
Shonan Monorail
Sakae-ku, Yokohama
Kamakura
Fujisawa 藤沢 4.6 51.1
Odakyu Electric Railway: Enoshima Line
Enoshima Electric Railway
Fujisawa
Tsujidō 辻堂 3.7 54.8
Chigasaki 茅ヶ崎 3.8 58.6
JR East: Sagami Line Chigasaki
Hiratsuka 平塚 5.2 63.8

Hiratsuka
Ōiso 大磯 4.0 67.8

Ōiso
Ninomiya 二宮 5.3 73.1

Ninomiya
Kōzu 国府津 4.6 77.7
JR Central: Gotemba Line Odawara
Kamonomiya 鴨宮 3.1 80.8

Odawara 小田原 3.1 83.9
JR Central: Tōkaidō Shinkansen
Odakyu Electric Railway: Odawara Line
Hakone Tozan Line, Izu-Hakone Tozan Railway: Daiyuzan Line
Hayakawa 早川 2.1 86.0
Nebukawa 根府川 4.4 90.4
Manazuru 真鶴 5.4 95.8
Manazuru
Yugawara 湯河原 3.3 99.1
Yugawara
Atami 熱海 5.5 104.6
JR East: Ito Line
JR Central: Tōkaidō Shinkansen
Atami Shizuoka

  • The Shōnan Liner trains are special, all-reserved commuter express trains with comfortable seating. They operate from Odawara to Tokyo on weekday mornings, with a few services terminating in Shinagawa, run on freight line. Return services run from Tokyo to Odawara on weekday evenings. Like Commuter Rapid trains, Shonan Liners normally do not stop between Shinagawa and Fujisawa. Between Fujisawa and Odawara, varying stops are made. A reserved seat fee of ¥500 is required to use the Shōnan Liner, in addition to the standard fare.
  • The Keihin-Tōhoku Line stations between Tokyo and Yokohama officially belong to the Tōkaidō Main Line. Such stations (not listed above) are: , , , , , , , and .
  • The Yokosuka Line stations between Tokyo and Ōfuna officially belong to the Tōkaidō Main Line. Such stations (not listed above) are: , , and . The route of the Yokosuka Line between Shinagawa and Tsurumi is separated from the main line and is called the , whereon Nishi-Ōi and Shin-Kawasaki stations are located.

Tōkai region

The Tōkaidō Line between Atami and Maibara is operated by JR Central, and covers the Tōkai region - Shizuoka Prefecture, Aichi Prefecture and Gifu Prefecture.

Name Japanese Distance (km) Stop Transfers Location
from Tokyo Semi Rapid
(区間快速)
Rapid
(快速)
New Rapid
(新快速)
Special Rapid
(特別快速)
Commuter Rapid
(通勤快速)
Ward/City Prefecture
Atami 熱海 104.6
(seasonal)
JR Central: Tōkaidō Shinkansen
JR East: Ito Line
Atami Shizuoka
Kannami 函南 9.9 114.5 Kannami
Mishima 三島 6.2 120.7
JR Central: Tōkaidō Shinkansen
Izu-Hakone Railway: Sunzu Line(through service)
Mishima
Numazu 沼津 5.5 126.2
JR Tokai: Gotemba Line Numazu
Katahama 片浜 4.1 130.3
Hara 2.5 132.8
Higashi-Tagonoura 東田子の浦 4.6 137.4
Fuji
Yoshiwara 吉原 3.9 141.3
Gakunan Railway
Fuji 富士 4.9 146.2
JR Tokai: Minobu Line
Fujikawa 富士川 3.5 149.7
Fujikawa
Shin-Kambara 新蒲原 2.8 152.5
Shimizu-ku, Shizuoka
Kambara 蒲原 2.4 154.9
Yui 由比 3.5 158.4
Yui
Okitsu 興津 5.9 164.3
Shimizu-ku, Shizuoka
Shimizu 清水 4.7 169.0
Kusanagi 草薙 5.2 174.2
Shizuoka Railway
Higashi-Shizuoka 東静岡 3.5 177.7
Aoi-ku, Shizuoka
Shizuoka 静岡 2.5 180.2
JR Central: Tōkaidō Shinkansen
Shizuoka Railway (Shin-Shizuoka Station)
Abekawa 安倍川 4.3 184.5
Suruga-ku, Shizuoka
Mochimune 用宗 2.1 186.6
Yaizu 焼津 7.1 193.7
Yaizu
Nishi-Yaizu 西焼津 3.3 197.0
Fujieda 藤枝 3.3 200.3
Fujieda
Rokugo 六合 4.6 204.9
Shimada
Shimada 島田 2.9 207.8
Kanaya 金谷 5.1 212.9
Oigawa Railway: Oigawa Main Line
Kikugawa 菊川 9.3 222.2
Kikugawa
Kakegawa 掛川 7.1 229.3
JR Central: Tōkaidō Shinkansen
Tenryu-Hamanako Railway
Kakegawa
Aino 愛野 5.3 234.6
Fukuroi
Fukuroi 袋井 3.5 238.1
Iwata 磐田 7.8 245.9
Iwata
Toyodachō 豊田町 2.9 248.8
Tenryūgawa 天竜川 3.9 252.7
Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu 浜松 4.4 257.1
JR Central: Tokaido Shinkansen
Enshu Railway (Shin-Hamamatsu Station)
Takatsuka 高塚 5.3 262.4
Maisaka 舞阪 5.1 267.5
Bentenjima 弁天島 2.3 269.8
Araimachi 新居町 3.1 272.9
Arai
Washizu 鷲津 3.7 276.6
Kosai
Shinjohara 新所原 5.8 282.4 (general)
Tenryu-Hamanako Railway
Futagawa 二川 4.3 286.7
Toyohashi Aichi
Toyohashi 豊橋 6.9 293.6
JR Central: Tōkaidō Shinkansen,Iida Line
Toyohashi Railway: Atsumi Line (Shin-Toyohashi Station)
Nishi-Kozakai 西小坂井 4.8 298.4
Kozakai
Aichi-Mito 愛知御津 3.7 302.1
Mito
Mikawa-Otsuka 三河大塚 3.1 305.2
Gamagori
Mikawa-Miya 三河三谷 3.1 308.3
Gamagori 蒲郡 2.3 310.6
Meitetsu: Gamagori Line
Mikawa-Shiotsu 三河塩津 2.3 312.9
Meitetsu: Gamagori Line (Gamagori-Kyoteijo-mae Station)
Sangane 三ヶ根 2.6 315.5
Kōta
Kōda 幸田 3.0 318.5
Okazaki 岡崎 7.4 325.9
Aichi Loop Line Okazaki
Nishi-Okazaki 西岡崎 4.2 330.1
Anjō 安城 3.6 333.7
Anjō
Mikawa-Anjō 三河安城 2.6 336.3
JR Central: Tōkaidō Shinkansen
Higashi-Kariya 東刈谷 1.8 338.1
Kariya
Noda-Shinmachi 野田新町 1.6 339.7
Kariya 刈谷 1.9 341.6
Meitetsu: Mikawa Line
Aizuma 逢妻 1.9 343.5
Ōbu 大府 3.0 346.5
JR Central: Taketoyo Line Ōbu
Kyowa 共和 3.0 349.5
Ōdaka 大高 4.1 353.6
Midori-ku, Nagoya
Kasadera 笠寺 3.2 356.8
Minami-ku, Nagoya
Atsuta 熱田 4.0 360.8
Atsuta-ku, Nagoya
Kanayama 金山 1.9 362.7
JR Central: Chūō Main Line
Meitetsu: Nagoya Main Line
Nagoya City Subway:Meijo Line(M01), Meiko Line(E01)
Naka-ku, Nagoya
Otobashi 尾頭橋 0.9 363.6
Nakagawa-ku, Nagoya
Nagoya 名古屋 2.4 366.0
JR Central: Tōkaidō Shinkansen, Kansai Main Line, Chūō Main Line
Meitetsu: Nagoya Main Line
Nagoya City Subway:Higashiyama Line (H08), Sakura-Dori Line (S02)
Nagoya Rinkai Rapid Transit: Aonami Line (AN01)
Nakamura-ku, Nagoya
Biwajima 枇杷島 4.0 370.0
Tokai Transport Service Johoku Line Kiyosu
Kiyosu 清洲 3.8 373.8
Inazawa
Inazawa 稲沢 3.3 377.1
Owari-Ichinomiya 尾張一宮 6.0 383.1
Meitetsu (Meitetsu-Ichinomiya Station): Nagoya Main Line, Bisai Line Ichinomiya
Kisogawa 木曽川 3.5 388.6
Gifu 岐阜 7.7 396.3
JR Central: Takayama Main Line
Meitetsu (Meitetsu Gifu Station): Nagoya Main Line, Kagamihara Line
Gifu Gifu
Nishi-Gifu 西岐阜 3.2 399.5
Hozumi 穂積 1.0 400.5
Mizuho
Ōgaki 大垣 9.5 410.0
JR Central: Tōkaidō Main Line: Mino-Akasaka Branch Line, Shin-Tarui Avoiding Line
Kintetsu Corporation: Yoro Line
Tarumi Railway: Tarumi Line
Ōgaki
Tarui 垂井 8.1 418.1
Tarui
Sekigahara 関ヶ原 5.7 423.8
JR Central: Tōkaidō Main Line: Shin-Tarui Avoiding Line Sekigahara
Kashiwabara 柏原 7.1 430.9
Maibara Shiga
Ōmi-Nagoka 近江長岡 4.3 435.2
Samegai 醒ヶ井 4.6 439.8
Maibara 米原 6.1 445.9
JR Central: Tōkaidō Shinkansen
JR West: Hokuriku Main Line
Ohmi Railway: Ohmi Railway Main Line

Mino-Akasaka Branch Line

Name Japanese Distance (km) Transfers Location
from Ōgaki
Ōgaki 大垣 0.0 (see above) Ōgaki, Gifu Prefecture
Arao 荒尾 3.4 3.4
Mino-Akasaka 美濃赤坂 1.6 5.0

Tarui Branch Line

Name Japanese Distance (km) Transfers Location
from Ōgaki
Ōgaki 大垣 0.0 (see above) Ōgaki Gifu prefecture
Tarui 垂井 8.1 8.1 Tarui Fuwa
Sekigahara 関ヶ原 5.7 13.8 (main line) Sekigahara
From Ōgaki to Sekigahara there exists 25‰ hill climb . So in 1944 a single track by-pass was built to avoid steep slope of the main line and old west bound track (hill up ) was removed. In 1946 a branch line was constructed on the place where old west bound main line existed. The name Tarui line is used as a common name of this branch line. Presently, for climbing the slope from Ōgaki to Sekigahara, local trains use Tarui line and express and freight trains use the by-pass line.

Minami-Arao S.B.

Both Mino-Akasaka Branch and Tarui Branch divide from Main Line at Minami-Arao S.B.(南荒尾信号場) This S.B. is 3.1 km far from Ōgaki Station.

Kansai region

The western part of the Tōkaidō Main Line from Maibara to Kobe is operated by JR West, and forms the main trunk of the company's Urban Network in the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto metropolitan area. The line is divided into three segments - Biwako Line, JR Kyoto Line and JR Kobe Line - although they are part of a single contiguous service. Biwako Line includes a segment of the Hokuriku Main Line, while Kosei Line, JR Takarazuka Line and Gakkentoshi Line offer through train service to the main line.

Biwako Line

The section of the line between Maibara and Kyoto is known as the Biwako Line. The line also includes the section of the Hokuriku Main Line between Maibara and Nagahama, where some Kyoto-bound trains originate.

JR Kyoto Line

The section of the Tōkaidō Main Line between Kyoto and Osaka is known as JR Kyoto Line. Biwako Line and Kosei Line trains continue on the JR Kyoto Line, and continue west to the JR Kobe Line at Osaka.

JR Kobe Line

The westernmost portion of the Tōkaidō Main Line, between Osaka and Kobe is part of the JR Kobe Line, which continues west to Himeji Station on the Sanyō Main Line. Although Kobe is the official terminus of the Tōkaidō Main Line, most trains continue to Nishi-Akashi, Himeji and beyond.

Sannomiya in central Kobe is the major hub on this section, serving the city's main business and entertainment district, and provides connections to other private railway lines and Kobe Airport.

Trains

In addition to standard local, rapid, and special rapid service trains, the Tōkaidō Main Line also hosts a number of limited express services.

Daytime trains

Overnight trains

Most overnight trains on the Tōkaidō Line go from Tokyo to western Honshū, or even as far as Kyūshū.

  • Fuji (Tokyo-Ōita) (To be discontinued March 2009)
  • Hayabusa (Tokyo-Kumamoto) (To be discontinued March 2009)
  • Moonlight Nagara (Tokyo-Ōgaki) (Rapid service with reserved seats)
  • Sunrise Izumo (Tokyo-Izumo via Okayama)
  • Sunrise Seto (Tokyo-Takamatsu)

Discontinued trains

  • Overnight limited express Sakura (Tokyo-Nagasaki (discontinued March 2005), Tokyo- (discontinued 1999))
  • Overnight limited express Izumo (Tokyo-Izumo via Tottori), discontinued March 2006
  • Limited express Wide View Tōkai (Tokyo-Shizuoka), discontinued March 2007
  • Overnight express Ginga (Tokyo-Osaka), discontinued March 2008

Fleets for non-express services

Tokyo area

Tōkai area

Kansai area

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