Party walls are typically made of non-combustible material. Where required by code, the party wall could be a fire wall. The wall starts at the foundation and continues up to a parapet, creating two separate and structurally independent buildings on either side. The term can be also used to describe a division between separate units within a multi-unit apartment complex. Very often the wall in this case is non-structural but designed to meet established criteria for sound and/or fire protection between residential units.
It may mean:
In the United Kingdom, the legal rights and obligations governing work to or adjacent to a Party wall are governed by the Party Wall, etc. Act, 1996 and Party Wall Surveyors specialise in managing the negotiation process between adjoining owners and resolving disputes.
Andreae v Selfridge & Co. (1938) Dean v Walker (1996) Phips v Pears (1964) Selby v Whitbread (1917)
Property Review: Care Needed to Avoid Pitfalls of Party Walls; Paul Mountford Explains How Sharing a Wall Brings with It Onerous Legal Obligations - and Can Widen the Divide between Neighbours
Jul 13, 2000; If a building owner or tenant intends to carry out work on a wall shared with another property he is obliged to serve the...