Parquetry is a geometric mosaic of wood pieces used for decorative effect. The two main uses of parquetry are as veneer patterns on furniture and block patterns for floors. The patterns of parquet flooring are entirely geometrical and angular— squares, triangles, lozenges. The use of curved and natural shapes constitutes marquetry rather than parquetry. The most popular parquet flooring pattern is herringbone.
, from parquet
.) The large diagonal squares known as parquet de Versailles
were introduced there in 1684, as parquet de menuiserie
("woodwork parquet"), to replace the marble flooring that required constant washing, which tended to rot the joists beneath the floors. Such parquets en lozange
were noted by the Swedish architect Daniel Cronström
at Versailles and at the Grand Trianon
Timber contrasting in color
and grain, such as oak
etc. are sometimes employed; and in the more expensive kinds the richly coloured mahogany
and sometimes other tropical hardwoods
are also used. While not technically a wood, bamboo
is also a popular material for modern floors.
Parquet floors were formerly usually adhered with hot bitumen. Today more modern cold adhesives are usually used.
One of the most famous parquet floors is the one used by the Boston Celtics
of the NBA
. The original floor, which was installed at the Celtics' original home of Boston Arena
, was moved intact to Boston Garden
and used there until the team moved to what was then known as FleetCenter
. The floor remained intact and in use until it was cut up and sold as souvenirs in 1999
, after the 1998
demolition of Boston Garden. The Celtics today play on a parquet floor that combines old and new sections.
Wood floors may be brushed clean, and mopped when necessary. Upright vacuum cleaners can scratch and wear the surface, as grit particles become embedded in the spinning brushes.
Parquet floors are usually long lasting and require little or no maintenance.
Unstuck blocks are re-glued. Bitumen glued blocks require use of either hot bitumen or a cold bitumen emulsion, as other glue types do not adhere to bitumen.
Notes and references