is an adaptation of the Japanese martial art
for visually impaired
competitors. The rules of the sport are only slightly different from regular judo competitions. Textured mats
are used to help the blind or visually impaired compete. It has been part of the Summer Paralympics
program since 1988.
Paralympic judo competition is governed by the International Judo Federation
(IJF) rules with some modifications
specified by the International Blind Sports Association (IBSA). Rule differences include the judges shouting out when contestants get too near edge of the mat, contests always start with the 2 competitors in a loose grip on each others Judo suits (grip called "Kumikata