Château Pape Clément
is a Bordeaux wine
from the Pessac-Léognan appellation
, ranked among the Premiers Crus
for red wine in the Classification of Graves wine
of 1959. It is the oldest wine estate in Bordeaux, harvesting
its 700th vintage
in 2006.. The winery
are located in the commune of Pessac
, south-west of the city of Bordeaux
. When the estate was omitted from the initial Graves classification of 1953 it caused some controversy.
Planted in 1300, the estate is the oldest planted vineyard in the region, when it was presented to Bertrand de Goth
upon his appointment as archbishop of Bordeaux, by his brother, Berald. It received its name from Bertrand's papal name, Clement V
; on his election in 1306 he gave the estate to his successor as archbishop, Cardinal Arnaud de Canteloup. Bertrand, who would later move the papacy
, planted this original vineyard with red wine grapes. White wine grapes were planted across the river near the town of Lormont
. The vineyard remained in the possession of archbishops of Bordeaux until the Revolution
, when it was nationalised and sold as a bien national
The vineyard area consists of 32.5 hectares, 30 of which are planted with grape varieties of 60% Cabernet Sauvignon
and 40% Merlot
. The remaining plots are cultivated with white varieties of 45% Sauvignon blanc
, 45% Sémillon
and 10% Muscadelle
The Grand vin, Chateau Pape Clément, is produced annually in 7,000 cases of red wine and 350 cases of dry white wine. Additionally there are produced second wines Le Clémentin du Pape Clément and Le Prélat du Pape Clément. The introduction of a second wine in the 1980s, was widely credited with allowing the estate to increase their focus on the quality of their Grand vin, by being more selective in which grapes were used. Today the Grand vin is typically composed of two-thirds Cabernet Sauvignon with Merlot making up the remaining third. The wine is aged in oak barrels (almost half being new oak) for a minimum of fourteen months. The non-cru classé white wine will typically be composed of equal amounts of Sauvignon blanc and Sémillon, depending on the vintage.
The estate currently employs the flying winemaker Michel Rolland as a consultant.