潘光旦; 1899 - 1967) was one of the most distinguished sociologists and eugenicists of China. He was also a renowned expert in Education. His wide research scope included eugenics, education policy, matrimony policy, familial problems, prostitute policy, intellectuals distributions and etc.
Pan joined the China Democratic Groups League (later China Democratic League) in 1941, and was a standing committee member of the central committee of the League.
Pan was persecuted in Cultural Revolution, and died in 1967, at 69. He was rehabilitated in 1979.