The elections were approved by President of the Palestinian National Authority, Yasser Arafat, before his death on November 11 2004 and were administered by the Higher Committee for Local Elections (HCLE), a body established under the authority of the Ministry for Local Government, an institution of the Palestinian Authority (PA).
The second round of Palestinian elections for local councils was held on May 5, 2005 in the West Bank (76 districts) and Gaza (8 districts)and on May 19, 2005 in the West Bank district of Al-Ram.
The third round, (September 29, 2005) and the fourth round (December 15, 2005) were to elect local councils in districts 104 and 44 respectively, but in some districts elections were canceled.
The fifth round never happened because of the situation in Palestinian Territories after formation of Hamas-led government. Approximately 25% of Palestinians live in districts that did not have elections.
Turn out was quite high. Over all, the local election showed Hamas relative strength and preparedness to deal with the block voting election system. One other side, it showed weakness and disorganization of Fatah and inability to understand the consequences of the voting system.