Palar is a river of southern India. It rises in Nandidurg hills in Kolar district of Karnataka state, and flows 93 km in Karnataka, 33 km in Andhra Pradesh and 222 km in Tamil Nadu before its confluence into the Bay of Bengal at Vayalur about 100 KM south of Chennai. It flows as a Guptagamini (underground course) for a long distance only to emerge near Bethamangala town, from where, gathering water and speed, it flows eastward down the Deccan Plateau. The cities of Vaniyambadi, Ambur, Vellore, Arcot, Walajapet (Anaicut), Kanchipuram, and Chingleput are located on banks of Palar River. Of all the total of seven tributaries, Ithe chief tributary is Cheyyar River.
Government has proposed to construct an irrigation dam
across Palar at Ganeshpuram, near Kuppam
, Andhra Pradesh
which has caused agitation among the people of the five northern districts of Tamil Nadu
, namely Vellore
benefited by the river. Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Jayalalitha
voiced her opposition to this proposal and said "Palar is an inter-state river and was also one of the rivers mentioned in Schedule A annexed to the 1892 agreement which it was in force. As per a clause of the agreement, the upstream state should not build any new dam or any structure to obstruct, divert, or store waters of the rivers without the consent of the downstream state".
called "En Peyar Palar" produced by Social Action Movement and Water Rights Protection Group, Chengalpattu
and released on 30 June 2008
chronicles the plight of the river from its origin in Karnataka
till it joins Bay of Bengal
. The 85 minute documentary
delves into how activities such as sand quarrying
and discharge of industrial effluents are sucking the life out of one of Tamil Nadu
’s prime sources of drinking water. It was directed by R.R. Srinivasan.