Pacific Rim National Park Reserve is a Canadian national park in British Columbia made up of three separate regions: Long Beach, the Broken Group Islands, and the West Coast Trail. The entire park encompasses 511 km² of land and ocean. The park is characterized by rugged coasts and lush temperate rainforests. The park is open from mid-March until mid-October.
During fall and winter, the area is continually subjected to moist air masses from the Pacific Ocean. The presence of the mountain ranges causes the air masses to rise and deposit large quantities of precipitation, a phenomenon known as orographic precipitation. The area averages over 3000mm of precipitation per year, a key factor in producing temperate rainforests. During the drier summer months the area is frequently covered in fog. Average temperatures range from 14°C (57°F) during the summer and 6°C (43°F) in the winter.
Sitka Spruce are generally found near the coast due to its resistance to ocean spray and abrasive wind-blown sand. The spruce fringe acts as a buffer protecting the inland forests from the ocean. Further inland, the forests are composed of western hemlock, pacific silver fir and western red cedar. The park also features several bogs in poorly drained areas.
Long Beach is the most visited and most accessible of the three regions. It is made up of the coastal region from Tofino to Ucluelet. The Green Point campground has 94 campsites, and is a short walk to the sandy beach which is popular for beachcombing, and observing the wildlife in the park. There are also many trails in the park with terrain ranging from bog to coastal rainforest. The beach here is reputed to have excellent surfing.
Analysis of Coastal Dune Dynamics, Shoreline Position, and Large Woody Debris at Wickaninnish Bay, Pacific Rim National Park, British Columbia
Jul 01, 2011; Introduction The role of large woody debris (LWD) in beach-dune geomorphology is understudied compared to that within fluvial...