Palanga is a seaside resort town in western Lithuania, on the shore of the Baltic Sea. It is the busiest Lithuanian summer resort with sand beaches (18 km long and up to 300 m wide) and dunes. Officially Palanga has the status of city municipality and includes Šventoji, Nemirseta, Būtingė and other settlements, which are treaated as part of Palanga city.
In historical documents the name of Palanga was first mentioned in 1161 when the King Valdemar I of Denmark disembarked there with his army and captured the castle which was held by the Curonians.
Between the 13th and 15th centuries, the inhabitants of Palanga had to confront the Teutonic Knights in the south and the Livonian Brothers of the Sword in the north. Their adversaries were unable to achieve their goal of seizing the Lithuanian sea-coast from Klaipėda to Šventoji. Although Klaipėda (Memel) passed into the hands of the German feudal lords under the 1422 Treaty of Melno, Palanga and Šventoji remained under Lithuanian control. The two towns gradually developed into harbours and centers of trade. British merchants established enterprises in Šventoji in 1685. During the Great Northern War, the Swedish Army ravaged Palanga, destroyed the harbour at Šventoji, and blocked up the wharfs with rocks in 1701.
Palanga was purchased in 1824 by Count Michał Tyszkiewicz. His grandson Józef Tyszkiewicz built a pier and acquired a ship to transport passengers and bricks to nearby Liepāja. Palanga began to develop as a resort in the early 19th century. The pier has been a favourite spot for strolling and promenading since 1892. Józef Tyszkiewicz's son, Feliks Tyszkiewicz, built thr neo-renaissance Tiškevičiai Palace in 1897. Famous French landscape architect Édouard André designed a large park around the palace, constructed in 1897–1907. The palace became a favourite gathering place for intellectual discussions and concert performances. Prominent among the good friends and advisors of Feliks Tyszkiewicz was the notary, Jonas Kentra.
Following the 1864 Lithuanian press ban, Palanga had become an important point for the smuggling of Lithuanian publications. Rev. Marcijonas Jurgaitis, physician Liudas Vaineikis and Notary Jonas Kentra played leading roles in this action of cultural contraband. With Kentra gaining official approvals, a public gathering in 1899 featured the comedy Amerika pirtyje (America in the Bath) performed in Lithuanian. The Tsarist authorities deported Vaineikis and twenty-five people to Siberia in 1901.
The Tiškevičiai Palace's park was converted into a botanical garden in 1960 and today it has two hundred different types of trees and shrubs, including an oak tree planted by President Antanas Smetona. The palace, now the Palanga Amber Museum, has an extensive collection of amber jewelry and other artifacts. Symphony performances are conducted in the summer, usually in the evening.
During the summer, hordes of tourists descend on Palanga, both for the beach and the seaside carnival centered on Jonas Basanavičius Street, which is a pedestrian thoroughfare during the summer months. There are dozens of restaurants, bars, rides, sideshows, and other entertainment, most featuring bright lights, loud music, and thousands of people on the weekends. The previously-mentioned Amber Museum is located within an extensive botanical garden.
There is one of the oldest still working drugstores in Lithuania, established in the mid-19th century. The city is home to a regional radio station, FM Palanga.
Possibilities of regeneration of Palanga coastal zone/ Palangos kranto zonos rekultivavimo galimybiu tyrimai/ [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII].(Report)
Jun 01, 2010; 1. Introduction Lithuania has a short (only 90.6 km long) stretch of Baltic Sea coast. Marked deterioration of the state of...
Siemens For Palanga.(Product & Service: Announcements)(Siemens Industrial Solutions and Services Group and Lemminkainen Lietuva)(Brief article)
May 01, 2007; A consortium consisting of the Siemens Industrial Solutions and Services Group (I&S) and the Lithuanian company, Lemminkainen...