The township is in the northwest portion of the county, with Lake Michigan to the west in the north of the township and Benton Harbor to the east in the south of the township. St. Joseph and St. Joseph Charter Township lie to the southwest. Hagar Township is to the north, Coloma Charter Township to the northeast, Bainbridge Township is to the east, Pipestone Township is to the southeast, and Sodus Township to the south.
Interstate 94 traverses the township diagonally from northeast to southwest. The southern terminus of Interstate 196 is at the junction with I-94. U.S. Highway 31 follows the route of I-94 in the south and then follows I-196 in the north. M-139 lies in the southwest of the township and runs from I-94 at the junction with US 31 north to a junction with Business Route I-94 on the east side of Benton Harbor.
There were 6,485 households out of which 32.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.9% were married couples living together, 24.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.9% were non-families. 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.05.
In the township the population was spread out with 30.0% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 88.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.8 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $25,942, and the median income for a family was $30,899. Males had a median income of $31,563 versus $20,484 for females. The per capita income for the township was $14,137. About 22.5% of families and 27.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 42.3% of those under age 18 and 16.6% of those age 65 or over.