Osgood, Herbert Levi, 1855-1918, American historian, b. Canton, Maine. He taught at Worcester Academy (1877-79) and Brooklyn High School (1883-89). From 1890 to 1896 he was adjunct professor and, after 1896, professor of history at Columbia. A recognized authority on American colonial history, he wrote The American Colonies in the Seventeenth Century (3 vol., 1904-7) and The American Colonies in the Eighteenth Century (4 vol., 1924), which deal mainly with the origin and development of English-American political institutions.

See biography by his son-in-law, Dixon Ryan Fox (1924, repr. 1973).

Osgood is a town in Center Township, Ripley County, Indiana, United States. The population was 1,669 at the 2000 census. In 1999, the community received a $23 million bequest from the Gilmore and Golda Reynolds Foundation, which was established by two lifelong Osgood residents to assist the town government as well as local non-profit organizations.


Osgood is located at (39.129062, -85.291893).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.3 square miles (3.4 km²), of which, 1.3 square miles (3.4 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (2.26%) is water.


As of the census of 2000, there were 1,669 people, 668 households, and 424 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,285.0 people per square mile (495.7/km²). There were 731 housing units at an average density of 562.8/sq mi (217.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.98% White, 0.12% African American, 0.54% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.06% from other races, and 0.18% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.96% of the population.

There were 668 households out of which 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.2% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.4% were non-families. 31.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the town the population was spread out with 27.4% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 18.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 89.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $29,659, and the median income for a family was $35,750. Males had a median income of $29,375 versus $20,938 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,842. About 9.2% of families and 11.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.4% of those under age 18 and 17.2% of those age 65 or over.


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