Osage County, Oklahoma

Osage County, Oklahoma

Osage County is the largest county in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. Coterminous with the Osage Indian Reservation, it is the home of the Osage Nation. As of 2000, the population was 44,437. Its county seat is Pawhuska. It is the setting of the Tony Award winning play, August: Osage County.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,304 square miles (5,967 km²), of which, 2,251 square miles (5,830 km²) of it is land and 53 square miles (137 km²) of it (2.30%) is water.

Adjacent counties


As of the census of 2000, there were 44,437 people, 16,617 households, and 12,213 families residing in the county. The population density was 20 people per square mile (8/km²). There were 18,826 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 67.01% White, 10.84% Black or African American, 14.42% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.63% from other races, and 6.83% from two or more races. 2.12% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 16,617 households out of which 33.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.40% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.50% were non-families. 23.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.40% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 25.40% from 45 to 64, and 13.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 102.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,477, and the median income for a family was $40,784. Males had a median income of $31,148 versus $23,652 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,014. About 10.30% of families and 13.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.30% of those under age 18 and 12.10% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

  • Foraker
  • Grainola
  • Hominy
  • McCord
  • Osage
  • Pawhuska
  • Prue
  • Sand Springs ††
  • Shidler
  • Skiatook †††
  • Tulsa ††
  • Webb City
  • Wynona
  • † Bartlesville is primarily in Washington County, but part of it extends into Osage County.
    †† Sand Springs and Tulsa are primarily in Tulsa County, but parts of them extend into Osage County.
    ††† Skiatook is primarily in Osage County, but part of it extends into Tulsa County.

    NRHP Sites

    The following sites in Osage County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

  • Hominy School, Hominy
  • Immaculate Conception Church, Pawhuska
  • Lincoln Colored School, Fairfax
  • Marland Filling Station, Hominy
  • Osage Agency, Pawhuska
  • Osage Bank of Fairfax, Fairfax
  • Osage County Courthouse, Pawhuska
  • Pawhuska Armory, Pawhuska
  • Pawhuska Downtown Historic District, Pawhuska
  • Wolverine Oil Company Drayage Barn, Avant
  • References

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