, the former state monopoly, is the main player in fixed-line telephony. Since the liberalization of the telecommunications market, OTE has been slowly losing market share to "alternative", competing telecom operators, such as Vivodi
, Tellas and Forthnet
. As of 2005, OTE's share on the market hovered around 76%.
Telephones - main lines in use: 6,348,800 (2004).
- modern networks reach all areas; microwave radio relay carries most traffic; 20.000 kilometers of fiber optics and extensive open-wire network; submarine cables to off-shore islands
- domestic: 100% digital; microwave radio relay, open wire, and submarine cable
- international: 100% digital; tropospheric scatter; 8 submarine cables; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean), 1 Eutelsat, and 1 Inmarsat (Indian Ocean region)
Greece has three mobile telecom companies; Cosmote
Number of active lines: 12,500,000 (Dec 2005), which means 117% market penetration. Mobile penetration reached 123% in 2006, the second highest in the world.
Greece owns one Telecommunications Satellite, named Hellasat, which provides telecommunication services in a major part of Eastern Europe and Western Asia.
Internet Service Providers
(ISPs): 23 (1999). Internet penetration: 40% (End of 2007).
(Top-level domain): .gr
Broadband Internet access
The state radio
and television broadcasting
agency is ERT
(Elliniki Radiofonia kai Tileorasi - Greek Radio & Television). The station owns 3 national television stations, ET-1
(Nea Elliniki Tileorasi) and ET-3
which is based out of Thessaloniki
. In January 2006, ERT launched Digital Terrestrial Television
with 3 channels. By March 2006, at least 65% of the Greek population will be able to view Digital TV for free with the use of set-top boxes. ERT also operates 7 national radio stations, including ERA 5
, the Voice of Greece
, which broadcasts internationally via shortwave. ERT is based in Athens.
The first non-pirate private radio station to broadcast in Greece was Athena 98,4 FM, in 1987. Private television began in November, 1989 when Mega Channel began operating. Today, over 1,000 radio stations and approximately 150 television stations broadcast in Greece. Digital satellite broadcasting began in 1999 by the South-African conglomerate Naspers which uses the trademark Nova.
Radios: 5.02 million (1997)
Television broadcast stations: 64 (plus about 1,000 low-power repeaters); also two stations in the US Armed Forces Network (1999)
Televisions: 2.54 million (1997)
ELTA is the state-owned postal service provider of Greece. A number of private courier services, such as ACS, United Parcel Service
(Speedex), also operate in Greece.
The telecommunications and postal services market in Greece is regulated by the National Regulatory Authority