Oriente (Spanish for "East") was one of six provinces of Cuba until 1976. It was known as "Santiago de Cuba Province" before 1905. The name is still used to refer to the eastern part of the country. The provincial capital was Santiago de Cuba.

The province was split up in 1976, with the administrative re-adjustment proclaimed by Cuban Law Number 1304 of July 3, 1976..

The territory of "Oriente" is nowadays represented by 5 provinces:

Present day municipalities that were part of Oriente include in Granma Province, in Guantánamo Province, in Holguín Province, in Las Tunas and in Santiago de Cuba Province.



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