Olkusz  is a town in south Poland with 37,696 inhabitants (2004).
According to the city website, a fable is mentioned that the city was formed by ancient Phoenicians who traveled here and found lead ore. The origin of the name is the Phoenician El-Khuds meaning to chisel.
A first written historical document from the year 1299 refers to the city of Olkusz. The city was ruled by citizens of German descent, and the inhabitants were mostly wealthy, due to the lead mines. Silver was discovered too.
Various wars crossed the path of this city, which was at its lowest at the end of the 17'th century.
Antony Kocjan, A national Polish war hero, pilot and engineer was born here.
The plight of the Jews during this year until deported, can be read online in various sites. Most of the 4097 Jews listed by the Germans, were eventually deported to Auschwitz and perished there. About 250 Jews of Olkusz and its surroundings, survived the war.