Oliver, Andrew

Oliver, Andrew

Oliver, Andrew, 1706-74, lieutenant governor of colonial Massachusetts (1771-73), b. Boston. Oliver was elected to the provincial council in 1746 and later served as secretary of the province. His acceptance of the post of stamp officer after the passage of the Stamp Act led to violent demonstrations against him, which forced him to resign the office. He became lieutenant governor in 1771, but popular indignation against him broke out again in 1773 as the result of the discovery of private letters he and Gov. Thomas Hutchinson had written to England criticizing the colonists and recommending coercive measures.
Oliver is a given name, also a surname, believed to derive from the Old French given name Olivier (though this may be a false etymology);"Alf" and "Ihar", meaning "Elf Army", or, as a Latin origin, the bearer of the olive branch; a corruption of a Germanic personal name, cognate with the Scandinavian name "Olaf" or "Ólafur," which carries the meaning of "ancestor," "forbear," or "talisman."

The French usage is Olivier and in Italy the name occurs as Oliviero. The female version of the name is Olivia.

The name's popularity during the Middle Ages was augmented by the fact that Olivier was the name of one of Charlemagne's paladins and a friend of the great warrior Roland. Ref

Oliver is often shortened to "Ollie", "Olliee", "Olivoo", "Olly", "Oli", "Oly", "Ol", "Ols", "Nol", "Iver" or "Odil". Olive too is an abbreviation, used to denote affection.

Also it is used in the book and film oliver twist by chales dickenson

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