) was a space exploration program run by the Soviet Union
to allow members from military forces of allied Warsaw Pact
countries to participate in manned and unmanned space exploration
missions. Participation was also made available to governments of sympathetic countries, such as France
, with Jean-Loup Chrétien
's mission to the Mir
spacestation, India, etc. The most notable Intercosmos missions were the manned space flight
missions that enabled 14 non-Soviets to participate in Soyuz space flights between 1978 and 1988. Unmanned satellite
launches were also part of the program.
|| Mission |
| February 3, 1978|| || Vladimír Remek|| Oldřich Pelčák || Czechoslovakia|| Soyuz 28 |
| June 27, 1978|| || Miroslaw Hermaszewski|| Zenon Jankowski || Poland|| Soyuz 30 |
| August 26, 1978|| || Sigmund Jähn|| Eberhard Köllner || East Germany|| Soyuz 31 |
| April 10, 1979|| || Georgi Ivanov|| Aleksandr Aleksandrov|| Bulgaria|| Soyuz 33 |
| May 26, 1980|| || Bertalan Farkas|| Bela Magyari|| Hungary|| Soyuz 36 |
| July 23, 1980|| || Tuân Pham|| Thanh Liem Bui || Vietnam|| Soyuz 37 |
| September 18, 1980|| || Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez|| Jose Lopez Falcon|| Cuba|| Soyuz 38 |
| March 23, 1981|| || Zhugderdemidiyn Gurragcha|| Maidarzhavyn Ganzorig|| Mongolia|| Soyuz 39 |
| May 14, 1981|| || Dumitru Prunariu|| Dumitru Dediu|| Romania|| Soyuz 40 |
| June 24, 1982|| || Jean-Loup Chrétien|| Patrick Baudry|| France|| Soyuz T-6 |
| April 2, 1984|| || Rakesh Sharma|| Ravish Malhotra|| India|| Soyuz T-11 |
| July 22, 1987|| || Muhammed Ahmed Faris|| || Syria|| Soyuz TM-3 |
| July 6, 1988|| || Aleksandr Aleksandrov|| || Bulgaria|| Soyuz TM-5 |
| August 29, 1988|| || Abdul Ahad Mohmand|| Mohammad Dauran Ghulam Masum|| Afghanistan|| Soyuz TM-6 |
- 1970 November 28 - Vertikal-1 Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Solar mission.
- 1971 August 20 - Vertikal-2 Solar Ultraviolet/Solar X-ray mission.
- 1972 April 7 - Intercosmos 6 - Investigation of primary cosmic radiation and meteoritic particles in near-earth outer space.
- 1975 June 3 - Intercosmos 14
- 1975 September 2 - Vertikal-3 Solar Ultraviolet/Solar X-ray mission.
- 1976 - Re-entry Vehicle Test mission.
- 1976 June 19 - Intercosmos 15. Testing of new systems and components of satellite under space flight conditions.
- 1977 March 29 - Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space.
- 1977 June 17 - Signe 3 - Twenty French specialists worked on the satellite.
- 1977 August 30 - Vertikal-5 Solar Ultraviolet/Solar X-ray mission.
- 1977 September 24 - Intercosmos 17 - Investigation of energetic charged and neutral particles and micrometeorite fluxes in circumterrestrial space.
- 1977 October 25 - Vertikal-6 Ionosphere/Solar mission?.
- 1978 October 24 - Intercosmos 18 - Conduct of complex investigations on the interaction between the magnetosphere and ionosphere of the earth. Cooperation with the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, the German Democratic Republic, the Hungarian People's Republic, the Polish People's Republic and the Socialist Republic of Romania.
- 1978 October 24 - Magion 1 - The Czechoslovak satellite MAGION was launched into orbit by the Soviet spacecraft Intercosmos 18
- 1978 November 3 - Vertikal-7 Ionosphere/Solar mission
- 1979 February 27 - Intercosmos 19 - Cooperation with the People's Republic of Bulgaria, the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, the Hungarian People's Republic and the Polish People's Republic.
- 1979 September 26 - Vertikal-8 Solar Ultraviolet/Solar X-ray mission.
- 1979 November 1 - Intercosmos 20. (Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, the German Democratic Republic, the Hungarian People's Republic and the Socialist Republic of Romania).
- 1981 - Re-entry Vehicle Test mission.
- 1981 February 6 - Intercosmos 21 - (Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, the German Democratic Republic, the Hungarian People's Republic and the Socialist Republic of Romania)
- 1981 August 7 - Intercosmos 22. (People's Republic of Bulgaria with the assistance of Soviet scientists).
- 1981 August 28 - Vertikal-9 Solar Ultraviolet/Solar X-ray mission.
- 1981 September 21 - Oreol 3 - Developed by Soviet and French specialists under the joint Soviet-French project 'Arkad-3'.
- 1985 April 26 - Intercosmos 23 - Developed by scientists and specialists o f the USSR and the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic.
- 1986 December 18 - Cosmos 1809
- 1989 September 28 - Magion 2 - Magion 2 forms a part of the scientific programme of Intercosmos 24 (project Aktivnyj) Execution of the scientific programe of the 'Aktivny' project in conjunction with Intercosmos-24, permitting simultaneous spatially separating investigations of plasma processes in circumterrestrial space.
- 1989 September 28 - Intercosmos 24 - US participation, in cooperation with Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, the German Democratic Republic, Hungary, Poland and Romania (the international scientific project entitled 'Aktivny'). Carrying the Czechoslovak Magion-2 satellite.
- 1991 December 18 - Intercosmos 25 - experiments from Germany, Romania, Bulgaria, Poland, Hungary. Comprehensive study of the effects of artificial impact of modulated electron flows and plasma beams on the ionosphere and magnetosphere of the Earth (forming part of the Apex international scientific project, conducted jointly with Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Poland and Romania.)
- 1991 December 18 - Magion 3
- 1994 March 2 - Intercosmos 26 - Conduct of comprehensive investigations of the sun under the Coronas-I international project developed by Russian and Ukrainian experiments in cooperation with specialists from Poland, the Czech Republic, the Slovak Republic, Bulgaria, France, and the United Kingdom.