Olav den hellige

List of Norwegian monarchs

Members of Norwegian, Swedish, and Danish royal families have been Norwegian monarchs. Norwegian territories were not united until about 860 and were ruled by jarls. Harald Fairhair united the territories about 860, creating the Norwegian kingdom and founding the Fairhair dynasty.

Norway was under the control of Danish monarchs from 1380 until 1814. During this time, several political entities were created which included both Norway and Denmark. Margaret I of Denmark created the Union of Kalmar in 1397, merging the kingdoms of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden. In 1481, after the death of Christian I, Sweden abandoned the Union and a two-year interregnum in Norway resulted. Many Norwegians wished to remain in union with Denmark; others preferred to join with Sweden. In 1536, after the Swedish secession, the Kingdom of Denmark–Norway was formed; it included the dependencies of Iceland, Greenland, and the Faroe Islands and lasted until 1814. In that year, Norway briefly regained independence but, after several months, was forced into union with Sweden. Since 1905, Norway has been a constitutional monarchy ruled by a cadet line of the Danish House of Glücksburg.

Early regnal dates are traditional and of uncertain accuracy. Before the Norwegian Law of Succession was introduced in 1163, inheritance of the throne was an affair filled with deep conflicts; in many cases, brothers would initially share it. Early Viking kings are listed using the name common in historic sources, with the Norwegian name in parentheses.


P Period of rulership
 I  Independent period
 D  Union with Denmark
 S  Union with Sweden
 DS  Union with Denmark and Sweden
 R  Interregnum

Rulers of Norway

P Name Dynasty From Until Notes
I Harald Fairhair
(Harald Hårfagre)
I Eirik Bloodaxe
(Eirik Blodøks)
I Håkon the Good
(Håkon den Gode)
I Harald Greycloak
(Harald Gråfell)
I Earl Haakon
(Håkon Jarl)
I Olaf Tryggvason
(Óláfr Tryggvason)
D Sveinn Hákonarson Jarls
D Eiríkr Hákonarson
(Eiríkr jarl Hákonarson)
D Håkon Eiriksson Jarls
I Olaf Haraldsson, Saint Olav
(Sankt Olav / Olav den Hellige)
D Canute the Great
(Knut den Mektige)
D Håkon Eiriksson Jarls
D Sveinn Knútsson Fairhair
I Magnus the Good
(Magnus den Gode)
I Harald Hardrule
(Harald Hardråde)
I Magnus Haraldsson Fairhair
I Olaf the peaceful
(Olaf Kyrre)
I Håkon Magnusson Fairhair
I Magnus Barefoot
(Magnus Berføtt)
I Olaf Magnusson Fairhair
I Øystein Magnusson Fairhair
I Sigurd the Crusader
(Sigurd Jorsalfar)
I Magnus the Blind
(Magnus Blinde)
I Harald Gille Fairhair
I Sigurd Mouth
(Sigurd Munn)
I Øystein Haraldsson Fairhair
I Inge Hunchback
(Inge Krokrygg)
I Haakon the Broadshouldered
(Håkon Herdebrei)
I Magnus Erlingsson Hardrada
I Sverre Sigurdsson Sverre /1184
I Håkon Sverreson Sverre
I Guttorm Sigurdsson Sverre
I Inge Bårdsson Gille
I Håkon IV Håkonsson Sverre
I Magnus the law-mender
(Magnus Lagabøte)
I Eirik Magnusson Sverre
I Håkon V Magnusson Sverre
S Magnus Eriksson Bjelbo
S Håkon VI Magnusson Bjelbo
D Olav IV Håkonsson Bjelbo
DS Margaret I
(Margrethe I)
(Eric of Pomerania)
DS Christopher of Bavaria Wittelsbach
DS Carl I of Norway
(Karl Knutsson Bonde)
DS Christian I Oldenburg
R Interregnum
D Hans Oldenburg
D Christian II Oldenburg
D Frederick I Oldenburg
D Christian III Oldenburg
D Frederick II Oldenburg
D Christian IV Oldenburg
D Frederick III Oldenburg
D Christian V Oldenburg
D Frederick IV Oldenburg
D Christian VI Oldenburg
D Frederick V Oldenburg
D Christian VII Oldenburg
D Frederick VI Oldenburg
I Christian Frederik Oldenburg
S Charles II Holstein-Gottorp
S Karl III Johan Bernadotte
S Oscar I Bernadotte
S Karl IV Bernadotte
S Oscar II Bernadotte
I Haakon VII Glücksburg
I Olav V Glücksburg
I Harald V Glücksburg present

Succession to the Norwegian Throne

  1. HRH Crown Prince Haakon Magnus (b. 1973)
  2. HRH Princess Ingrid Alexandra (b. 2004)
  3. HH Prince Sverre Magnus (b. 2005)
  4. HH Princess Märtha Louise (b. 1971)
  5. Maud Angelica Behn (b. 2003)
  6. Leah Isadora Behn (b. 2005)

See also

Notes and references

General references

External links

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