POPPY is the code name given to a series of U.S. intelligence satellites operated by the National Reconnaissance Office. The POPPY satellites recorded ELINT data, targeting radar installations in the Soviet Union.
The POPPY program was a continuation within NRO's Program C of the Naval Research Laboratory's Galactic Radiation and Background (GRAB) ELINT program, also known as Tattletale. The National Security Agency was given the responsibility of collecting, interpreting, and reporting the signals intercepted.
The existence of the POPPY program was declassified by the NRO in September 2005, although most of the details about its capabilities and operation are still classified.
There were seven launches of POPPY satellites from Vandenberg Air Force Base from 1962 until 1971, all of which were successful. The program continued until August 1977.
|Name||Launch date||International Designators||Other names||Launch vehicle|
|Poppy 1||13 December 1962||1962-067A or 1962-BETA-TAU-1, 1962-067C or 1962-BETA-TAU-3||NRL-PL 120, NRL PL 121||Thor-Agena-D|
|Poppy 2||15 June 1963||1963-021E||NRL PL 112||Thor-Agena-D|
|Poppy 3||11 January 1964||1964-001E||NRL PL 135||TAT-Agena-D|
|Poppy 4||9 March 1965||1965-016A||NRL PL 142||Thor-Agena-D|
|Poppy 5||31 May 1967||1967-053G, 1967-053H||NRL PL 151, NRL PL 153||Thor-Agena-D|
|Poppy 6||30 September 1969||1969-082D, 1969-082E, 1969-082F, 1969-082G (OPS 7613)||NRL PL 162, 163, 161, 164||Thorad-Agena-D|
|Poppy 7||14 December 1971||1971-110A, 1971-110C, 1971-110D, 1979-110E (OPS 7898)||NRL PL 171, 172, 173, 174||Thorad-Agena-D|