Numidotherium ("Numidia beast") is an extinct genus of early proboscidean discovered in 1984, that lived during the middle Eocene some 46 million years ago of North Africa, weight 200 kilograms.
The type species, N. koholense is known from an almost complete skeleton from the site of El Kohol, southern Algeria dating from the early/middle Eocene period. The animal had the size and the appearance of a modern tapir. Its appearance were more slender and more plantigrade than the elephants', its closest modern relative.
A new species, N. savagei has been discovered in 1995 in late Eocene deposits of Dor el Talha, Libya, together with another primitive proboscidean, Barytherium grave. N. savagei may be a synonym of N. koholense.
- Mahboubi, M., Ameur, R., Crochet, J.−Y., and Jaeger, J.−J. 1986. El Kohol(Saharan Atlas, Algeria): A new Eocene mammals locality in North Western Africa. Palaeontographica 192 (1/3): 15–49.
- Court, N. 1995. A new species of Numidotherium (Mammalia: Proboscidea) from the Eocene of Libya and the early phylogeny of the Proboscidea. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 15: 650–671.