is a growing area within policing
and code enforcement
. The term refers to using building codes, fire codes, zoning, etc. in order to improve the quality of life and resolve life safety issues within neighborhoods. Nuisance abatement programs are most often a component of problem oriented or community policing
Nuisance Abatement programs exists in a number of communities and are organized at the city, county and state levels.
The City of Albuquerque
features a task force of members drawn from various city agencies known as the Safe City Strike Force. The Albuquerque program's goals include enforcement of City codes and ordinances; such as housing code enforcement, graffiti vandalism prosecution, vehicle forfeiture proceedings, and Metropolitan Court Arraignment Program (http://www.cabq.gov/budget/pdf/Safe%20City%20Strike%20Force%20(Legal).pdf).
The State of Connecticut
features a specialized unit in the Asset Forfeiture Bureau of the Office of the Chief State's Attorney. Their Nuisance Abatement program combines civil remedies and innovative problem solving with traditional policing and criminal prosecution to address the quality of life in communities throughout Connecticut (http://www.ct.gov/csao/cwp/view.asp?a=1798&q=285774&csaoNav=|).
The Gainesville, Florida
program centers around an administrative board that can impose fines and other non-criminal penalties on property owners for the activities that occur on their property which constitute a public nuisance. Violations of the Nuisance Abatement Ordinance are not criminal, and will not result in arrests, but are an addition to the criminal actions that will be taken (http://www.gainesvillepd.org/nuisance_abatement.htm).