November is the eleventh month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of four Gregorian months with the length of 30 days. November retained its name (from the Latin novem meaning "nine") when January and February were added to the Roman calendar.
The birthstone for November is either topaz, citrine, or aquamarine. The birthflower is the chrysanthemum.
November starts on the same day of the week as February in common years, and March every year.
Events in November
- All Saints' Day (formerly All Hallows Day), a Christian holy day, is celebrated on November 1, the day after Halloween. In Sweden the All Saints' official holiday takes place on the first Saturday of November.
- In Ireland, November 1 is regarded as the first day of Winter.
- November 1 is called November Day (Lá Samhna) in Celtic tradition and is thus named in the Irish Calendar, where the month is called Mí na Samhna.
- In the pagan wheel of the year, November begins at or near Samhain in the northern hemisphere and Beltaine in the southern hemisphere.
- In the Roman Catholic calendar, November 2 is All Souls Day. It is known in Mexico as el Día de los Muertos (Day of the Dead), and the whole month of November is especially dedicated to praying for the dead
- Britain and New Zealand celebrate Guy Fawkes Night, the anniversary of the failed Gunpowder Plot, on November 5.
- In Indonesia, November 10 is known as National Heroes Day
- St. Martin's feast day (Martinmas) on November 11 was formerly considered the start of winter in some places in Europe
- Remembrance Day is celebrated on November 11 in the Commonwealth of Nations and various European countries (including France and Belgium) to commemorate World War I and other wars. It is known as Veterans' Day is the United States.
- In India, Children's Day is celebrated on November 14, the birthdate of first Indian Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.
- The Leonids meteor shower reaches its peak around November 17.
- Discovery of Puerto Rico by Christopher Columbus on November 19, 1493.
- Día de la Revolución, or Revolution Day, is celebrated in Mexico on November 20.
- On 24th November each year, Lachit Divas is celebrated statewide in Assam, India, to commemorate the heroism of the great general Lachit Borphukan and the victory of the Assamese army over the Mughal army at the battle of Saraighat in 1671.
- The United States and Puerto Rico observe Thanksgiving on the fourth Thursday in November.
- For Western Christians, Advent usually begins on a Sunday during the last week of November.
- Scotland celebrates St Andrews Day, its official national day, on 30 November. Since 2006 it has been an official bank holiday.
November is Pancreatic Cancer Awareness Month, National Novel Writing Month, Alzheimer's Disease Awareness Month, and National Homeless Youth Awareness Month
It's quite common for some males in Australia (especially in the city of Melbourne), and New Zealand to sport a moustache during the month of November. The custom being known as Movember (Movember is a portmanteau of the words 'Moustache' and 'November'.), and being a fundraising event for men's health issues. One's fashionable appearance often comes second to the calling of Movember. A similar observance in the United States, called Noshavember, involves a full beard as opposed to a mustache.
Tuesday After the First Monday
- GIS Day is held the 3rd Wednesday of November during Geography Awareness Week.
- The Great American Smokeout sponsored by the American Cancer Society occurs on the third Thursday of November, one week before Thanksgiving. Smokers are encouraged to quit smoking for these 24 hours, in hopes that they will quit forever.
Fourth Thursday in the USA
- Americans celebrate the Thanksgiving holiday on the fourth Thursday of November.
The day after Thanksgiving in the USA
Monday immediately following Thanksgiving Day in the USA
November represented in culture
A poem which is often told in schools in the United Kingdom
by Thomas Hood
, playing on how the name "November" can be extended to other phrases beginning with no. Hood's poem suggests that melancholy moods associated with this month.
Tom Waits performs a song titled November on his 1993 release The Black Rider.
Jay Chou released an album in November 2005 entitled November's Chopin.