Nothrotheriops

Nothrotheriops

Nothrotheriops is a genus of Pleistocene ground sloth found in North and South America. This genus of bear-sized xenarthran was closely related to the much larger, and far more famous Megatherium.

Fossils of the best-known species, the Shasta ground sloth (N. shastensis), have been found throughout western North America, especially in the American Southwest. The most famous specimen was recovered from a lava tube at Aden Crater in New Mexico and was found to still have hair and tendon preserved. This nearly complete specimen is on display at the Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History in New Haven, CT. Numerous dung boluses belonging to this sloth have also been found throughout the soutwestern United States and have provided an insight into the diet of these extinct animals.

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