(Nouspelt) is a village in the commune
, in southern Luxembourg
. As of 2005
, the village has a population of 754. It is known above all for its potters who were particularly successful during the 19th century.
Nospelt lies 15 km north west of Luxembourg City
at a height of 320 m on a plateau between the Mamer
rivers. It is a quiet rural village with pleasant houses and streets.
With the recent discovery of Celtic tombs
in the area, it appears that the history of Nospelt stretches back until before the Roman conquest
. The finds at Scheierheck
near neighbouring Goeblange
and at Kreckelbierg
, just north-west of the village of Nospelt, contain a range of articles including wine flagons, articles of pottery, spurs, knives, lances and a lantern testifying to the nobility of those buried. It is thought the tombs might belong to chieftens from the Titelberg
settlement near Pétange
. It is interesting to note that some of the artefacts including a tall amphora
came from as far away as the Mediterranean
, showing the extent of trade with other regions at the time.
Merovingian tombs from the 7th century have been found at Telpescholtz between Nospelt and Dondelange. The area thus seems to have been inhabited over the centuries without interruption.
The origins of Nospelt's pottery production go back to 1458. By the early 19th century, there were 17 different potters shops in the village. Nospelt was recognized as the centre of Luxembourg's ceramics industry until 1914 when Nicolas Schneider (1868-1941) lit his kiln for the last time. Today a museum in his old workshop commemorates the history of the art with exhibits from Echternach and elsewhere in Luxembourg.
Today's church stands on the site of the former chapel, dedicated to St Thomas, of which the oldest record dates back to 1685. The new church, completed in 1852, was built in the Empire style
with rounded windows and a bell tower above the porch. The 17th century pietà
on the altar comes from the original chapel. Renovation work was carried out in 1986.
Every year on Easter Monday
, Nospelt celebrates its former potteries with an open-air Emaischen
(diminutive of Emmaus
) festival where amateur potters demonstrate their art and wares. A special attraction is the peckvillercher
, a bird-shaped whistle associated with pottery manufacture in various parts of Europe. According to tradition, every child received a whistle from his parents on Easter Monday each year.