Norwich

Norwich

[nawr-ich, -ij, nor- for 1; nawr-wich for 2]
Norwich, city (1991 pop. 32,664) and district, county seat of Norfolk, E England, on the Wensum River just above its confluence with the Yare. Norwich is a principal city market for cattle and grain. It is also a center for shopping and entertainment, as well as administration. Since the 11th cent., Norwich has been a leading provincial city. It was sacked by the Danes in the 11th cent. and scourged by the Black Death in 1348. Norwich was the scene of events in Wat Tyler's rebellion of 1381 and in the uprising under Robert Kett in 1549. There are many medieval churches as well as a cathedral founded in 1096 by the first bishop of Norwich. Norwich Castle, part of which dates from Norman times, was made (1894) into a museum for collections of natural history and local antiquities. It also houses paintings of the 18th- and 19th-century Norwich school of artists. Other old buildings include St. Giles's Hospital (13th cent.), Suckling House (14th cent.), Strangers Hall (15th cent.; now a museum), the guildhall (15th cent.), and St. Andrew's Hall (15th cent.; formerly a Dominican church). The Maddermarket Theatre, a reconstruction of a Shakespearean theater, has a permanent amateur company. The Norwich grammar school dates from the 13th cent. The city is also the cultural center of the county; triennial music festivals have been held there since 1824. It is seat of the Univ. of East Anglia (1963). The writer Harriet Martineau was born in Norwich.
Norwich, industrial city (1990 pop. 37,391), SE Conn., seat of New London co., on hilly ground, where the Yantic and Shetucket form the Thames; settled 1659, inc. 1784, town and city consolidated 1952. Chemicals, plastics, and paper products are manufactured. The last great battle between the Mohegans and Narragansetts took place on the site in 1643, and the tribal chiefs are buried there. Norwich was a leading colonial industrial city; Thomas Danforth began making pewterware there in 1733. The many historic structures include the Leffingwell Inn (1675); the birthplace and home of Benedict Arnold; and the home of Samuel Huntington. The Mohegan Sun casino is in neighboring Uncasville.

City (pop., 2001: 121,553), administrative and historic county, Norfolk, England. Located on the River Wensum northeast of London, it had become an important market centre when it was sacked and occupied by the Danes in the 11th century. It was among the most prosperous English provincial towns for centuries; its economy was fostered by Edward III, who induced Flemish weavers to settle there, and by the influx of immigrants during the reign of Elizabeth I. One of England's largest centres of footwear manufacturing, it features a Norman castle and cathedral. It is the traditional regional capital of East Anglia and the site of a cathedral founded shortly after the Norman Conquest.

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Norwich is a town in Windsor County, Vermont, United States, located along the Connecticut River opposite Hanover, New Hampshire. The population was 3,544 at the 2000 census.

The name of the town was originally spelled "Norwhich", but the additional 'h' was dropped shortly after the town was chartered. The town was named after Norwich, Connecticut, the state from which the first settlers originated. Originally pronounced Norritch as per the English pronunciation (Norwich, England) the town name has in more recent times become more commonly pronounced Nor-wich.

Norwich was the original home of Norwich University, which moved to Northfield in 1866 after a fire devastated the campus. Norwich is also the current home of the Montshire Museum of Science.

Norwich maintains one of the few interstate public school systems, the Dresden School District, commissioned by President John F. Kennedy, which is shared by the towns of Norwich and Hanover, New Hampshire.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 44.8 square miles (116.1 km²), of which, 44.7 square miles (115.7 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.4 km²) of it (0.31%) is water. The Ompompanoosuc River flows into the Connecticut River in the northeastern part of the town.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 3,544 people, 1,367 households, and 944 families residing in the town. The population density was 79.3 people per square mile (30.6/km²). There were 1,505 housing units at an average density of 33.7/sq mi (13.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 95.97% White, 0.48% African American, 0.20% Native American, 1.61% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.62% from other races, and 1.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.79% of the population.

There were 1,367 households out of which 41.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.1% were couples living together and joined in either marriage or civil union, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.9% were non-families. 24.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the town the population was spread out with 29.3% under the age of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 23.6% from 25 to 44, 31.3% from 45 to 64, and 11.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 95.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $66,000, and the median income for a family was $78,178. Males had a median income of $49,350 versus $33,871 for females. The per capita income for the town was $35,285. About 1.5% of families and 3.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.1% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.

Notable residents

References

External links

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