The academy was founded in 1953 by several notable Norwegian authors and poets, among them Arnulf Øverland, Sigurd Hoel, A.H. Winsnes, Cora Sandel and Francis Bull. They disagreed with the official language policy aiming to merge Bokmål with Nynorsk and protested against what they called state discrimination against the traditional Norwegian standard language Riksmål. This was Norway's de facto language, used by most large newspapers and by the majority of the population.
In addition to regulating Traditional Standard Norwegian, the most conservative and Danish-near form of Norwegian, the academy publish dictionaries and support the publishing of literature in Standard Norwegian.
The Academy has 44 members, each of whom are specialists in miscellaneous areas of analysis, investigation and expertise. These include Nordic studies, German, English and French languages and literature, history, philosophy, law, political science, poetry et cetera. The President of the Academy is the Conservative Party politician Lars Roar Langslet, a former Norwegian cabinet secretary of culture, and the Presidium also consists of John Ole Askedal, Professor of German, Tor Guttu, Associate Professor of Nordic languages and deputy chairman of the Riksmål Society, as well as Nils Heyerdahl, theatre director.
The Norwegian Academy for Language and Literature was represented in the Norwegian Language Council (Språkrådet), which regulates the official Bokmål and Nynorsk languages.
In 1981, the Academy merged with Riksmålsvernet, founded in 1919.
Kavli Prize Begins Call for Nominations, Announces Prize Committees; International Prize Honors Scientists for Outstanding Research in Astrophysics, Nanoscience, Neuroscience.
Sep 10, 2007; Byline: The Kavli Foundation YORK, U.K., Sept. 10 (AScribe Newswire) -- The inaugural call for nominations began today for the...