Norton

Norton

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Norton, Caroline Elizabeth Sarah (Sheridan), 1808-77, English author; granddaughter of Richard Brinsley Sheridan. She gained more renown for her eventful life than for her writings. Her husband George Norton's divorce suit, with Lord Melbourne as correspondent, caused a sensation in its time. Although Norton lost the suit, he was given custody of their children and allowed to collect his wife's literary earnings. Her writings included poems and novels; however, she is best-remembered for English Laws for Women in the Nineteenth Century (1854) and A Letter to the Queen (1855), both of which helped bring about improvement of the status of married women in England.
Norton, Charles Eliot, 1827-1908, American scholar and teacher, b. Cambridge, Mass., grad. Harvard, 1846. As professor of the history of art at Harvard (1875-98) and as a man of letters he had a stimulating influence on his time. He edited (1864-68), with James Russell Lowell, the North American Review and was a founder (1865) of the Nation. Of his several scholarly works, the most notable were his Italian studies and his prose translation (3 vol., 1891-92) of Dante.

See his letters (1913); biography by L. Dowling (2008); study by K. Vanderbilt (1959).

Norton, Eleanor Holmes, 1937-, African-American lawyer and government official. As an attorney (1965-70) for the American Civil Liberties Union, she specialized in First Amendment cases. She later headed New York City's Human Rights Commission (1970-77) and the federal Equal Opportunity Employment Commission (1977-83), and taught at Georgetown Univ. Since 1991 Norton has been the District of Columbia's elected, nonvoting delegate to the U.S. Congress.

(born Dec. 12, 1927, Burlington, Iowa, U.S.—died June 3, 1990, Austin, Texas) U.S. engineer. He received a Ph.D. from MIT. In 1957 he launched Fairchild Semiconductor, one of the first electronics firms in what came to be called Silicon Valley. Simultaneously but independently, he and Jack Kilby invented the integrated circuit computer chip in 1959. With his colleague Gordon Moore, he founded Intel Corporation. in 1968. In 1988 Noyce became president of Sematech, Inc., a research consortium formed and financed jointly by industry and the U.S. government to keep the U.S. semiconductor industry at the forefront of semiconductor manufacturing technology.

Learn more about Noyce, Robert (Norton) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born Dec. 12, 1927, Burlington, Iowa, U.S.—died June 3, 1990, Austin, Texas) U.S. engineer. He received a Ph.D. from MIT. In 1957 he launched Fairchild Semiconductor, one of the first electronics firms in what came to be called Silicon Valley. Simultaneously but independently, he and Jack Kilby invented the integrated circuit computer chip in 1959. With his colleague Gordon Moore, he founded Intel Corporation. in 1968. In 1988 Noyce became president of Sematech, Inc., a research consortium formed and financed jointly by industry and the U.S. government to keep the U.S. semiconductor industry at the forefront of semiconductor manufacturing technology.

Learn more about Noyce, Robert (Norton) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Norton, formerly Prince's Flats, is an independent city within the confines of Wise County in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 3,904, making it the smallest city in the state by population. The Bureau of Economic Analysis combines the city of Norton with surrounding Wise county for statistical purposes.

Government

Mayor: Robert Raines

Sheriff: Carlos J. Noaks

City Manager: Ernie W. Ward

Commissioner of the Revenue: Judy Miller

Treasurer: Barbara Muir

Geography

Norton is located at (36.936805, -82.625146), along the Powell and Guest Rivers.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.5 square miles (19.5 km²), all of it land.

Demographic

As of the census of 2000, there were 3,904 people, 1,730 households, and 1,067 families residing in the city. The population density was 518.5 people per square mile (200.2/km²). There were 1,946 housing units at an average density of 258.4/sq mi (99.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 91.57% White, 6.15% African American, 0.08% Native American, 1.00% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 0.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.87% of the population.

There were 1,730 households out of which 26.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.0% were married couples living together, 15.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.3% were non-families. 34.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city the population was spread out with 21.8% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 25.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 81.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $22,788, and the median income for a family was $30,889. Males had a median income of $30,000 versus $23,229 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,024. About 19.1% of families and 22.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.7% of those under age 18 and 12.1% of those age 65 or over.

References

External links

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