North Hempstead

North Hempstead, New York

North Hempstead is a town in Nassau County, New York, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town population was 222,611.

The Town of North Hempstead occupies the northwest part of the county. Its Supervisor is Jon Kaiman, a Democrat.


The area was first settled around 1643 and became part of the Town of Hempstead. During the American Revolution the south part of the Town of Hempstead was primarily Tory while the north part, having been settled by Yankees, supported the revolution. Following the war, the Town of North Hempstead was split off in 1784.

According to the "Our History" series in the LI-based newspaper, Newsday, "In September, 1775, almost a year before the future nation declared its independence from George III, the people of Great Neck, Cow Neck and other areas north of Old Country Road signed their own Declaration of Independence."

"The signers, passionate Patriots, declared their independence from the Town of Hempstead, which, in their opinion, had the bad habit of pledging allegiance to the king. Therefore, the northern necks declared themselves 'an entire separate and independent beat or district.' The 'beat' would officially become the Town of North Hempstead in 1784."

"During the Revolution, the northern Patriots had their own militia headed by Capt. John Sands of Cow Neck (now Port Washington), which invaded South Hempstead in search of arms. The rift caused a north-south animosity that would take years to heal."

"The first North Hempstead Town Board, headed by Patriot Adrian Onderdonk, had to cope with an impoverished area, devastated by an avenging British occupation. The councilmen met in Roslyn taverns and didn't get a permanent home until 1907, when the present town hall opened in Manhasset."

The Town of North Hempstead became more affluent with the opening of the Long Island Rail Road through to Great Neck, and the inauguration of steamboat service from Manhattan in 1836.

The Town of North Hempstead is made up of 30 incorporated Villages that had the right to set zoning restrictions to protect their rights and resources. No new villages have been created since 1936, when a revised county charter denied zoning power to future villages. There are also some unincorporated area in the Town of North Hempstead that are not part of Villages.


The west town line is the border of Queens County, New York, part of New York City. The north town line, delineated by the Long Island Sound is the border of Bronx County and Westchester County. Town of Oyster Bay is the eastern neighbor.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 69.1 square miles (179.0 km²), of which, 53.6 square miles (138.8 km²) of it is land and 15.5 square miles (40.2 km²) of it (22.47%) is water.


As of the census of 2000, there were 222,611 people, 76,820 households, and 58,460 families residing in the town. The population density was 4,154.9 people per square mile (1,604.2/km²). There were 78,927 housing units at an average density of 1,473.1/sq mi (568.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 78.98% White, 6.40% African American, 0.14% Native American, 9.11% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.90% from other races, and 2.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.83% of the population.

There were 76,820 households out of which 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.0% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.9% were non-families. 20.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.27.

In the town the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 92.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.5 males.

According to a 2006 estimate, the median income for a household in the town was $93,090, and the median income for a family was $114,567. Males had a median income of $60,094 versus $41,331 for females. The per capita income for the town was $41,621. About 3.1% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.4% of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over.

Communities in the Town of North Hempstead

Villages (incorporated)

  1. Baxter Estates
  2. East Hills (part; with the Town of Oyster Bay)
  3. East Williston
  4. Floral Park (part; with the Town of Hempstead)
  5. Flower Hill
  6. Great Neck
  7. Great Neck Estates
  8. Great Neck Plaza
  9. Kensington
  10. Kings Point
  11. Lake Success
  12. Manorhaven
  13. Mineola (part; with Hempstead.)
  14. Munsey Park
  15. New Hyde Park (part; with Hempstead.)
  16. North Hills
  17. Old Westbury (part; with Oyster Bay.)
  18. Plandome
  19. Plandome Heights
  20. Plandome Manor
  21. Port Washington North
  22. Roslyn
  23. Roslyn Estates
  24. Roslyn Harbor (part; with Oyster Bay.)
  25. Russell Gardens
  26. Saddle Rock
  27. Sands Point
  28. Thomaston
  29. Westbury
  30. Williston Park

Hamlets (unincorporated)

  1. Albertson
  2. Carle Place
  3. Garden City Park
  4. Glenwood Landing
  5. Great Neck Gardens
  6. Greenvale
  7. Harbor Hills
  8. Herricks
  9. Manhasset
  10. New Cassel
  11. North New Hyde Park
  12. Port Washington
  13. Roslyn Heights
  14. Saddle Rock Estates
  15. Searingtown
  16. University Gardens

Other locations

  • Great Neck -- A peninsula into the Long Island Sound.
  • Hempstead Harbor -- A bay of the Long Island Sound.
  • Lake Success -- A lake near the west town line.
  • Little Neck Bay -- A bay of the Long Island Sound
  • Manhasset Bay -- A bay of the Long Island Sound
  • Manhasset Neck or Cow Neck -- A peninsula into the Long Island Sound.
  • United States Merchant Marine Academy


North Hempstead is the only town on Long Island that does not have a corresponding hamlet or village in its borders with the same name; Hempstead and Oyster Bay in Nassau County and the towns of Huntington, Babylon, Islip, Smithtown, Brookhaven, Riverhead, Southold, Southampton, Shelter Island and East Hampton in Suffolk County all have smaller subdivisions with the same name.


External links

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