(commonly referred to as Nick
) is an American cable television
network owned by Viacom International
, founded in 1977 as Pinwheel
. The Pinwheel name was used until 1981. The channel is found in many different countries, including Nick UK
and Nickelodeon Australia
. Nick is also split up into several blocks, such as Nick at Nite
and Nick Jr.
. The channel focuses on children from ages 7 through 12. Nick at Nite
is meant for adolescents and/or adults and Nick Jr.
focuses on children ages 2 through 6.
Nickelodeon was launched in 1977 as Pinwheel
channel in Columbus, Ohio
on the QUBE
cable system (now Time Warner Cable
During its broadcast day, it would air shows such as Pinwheel, Video Comic Book, America Goes Bananaz, Nickel Flicks and By the Way.
On April 1, 1979, the channel went national when they expanded to another QUBE system in Buffalo, New York.
During the day it played "filler" segments in between shows. The network's sign-on featured a pair of hands, which were in some of the fillers. Other fillers featured a male mime.
In 1980, Geraldine Laybourne joined the network. She would become President of Nickelodeon in 1983. In 1981, the channel expanded nationwide as Nickelodeon.
The channel became known for its iconic green slime, originally featured in the network's first major hit, the 1980s Canadian comedy show You Can't Do That on Television. The slime was then adopted by the station as a primary feature of many of its shows.
In 1984, the original "Pinball" logo was replaced with the current "Orange" splat logo.
are animated television programs airing on Nickelodeon. Prior to 1991, Nickelodeon aired mostly foreign-based cartoons mainly coming from Canada
, United Kingdom
, Eastern Europe (mainly Russia
), and Japan
as well as American cartoons that were produced by other companies. Over the years, more Nicktoons were created and aired.
is seen on Nickelodeon weekday mornings. It is aimed at a preschool
Nick at Nite
Nick at Nite
is the evening programming block broadcast over Nickelodeon Sunday – Thursdays from 9 PM
– 6 AM
and Friday – Saturdays from 10 PM – 6 AM Eastern
and Pacific Standard Time
. Nick at Nite appeals to adult audiences with a lineup of classic television; largely 1990s syndicated sitcoms. Such as The Cosby Show
, Full House
, Home Improvement
, The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air
and recently Family Matters
and George Lopez
In 1996, Nick at Nite spun off the channel TV Land which currently airs a variety of older shows, primarily sitcoms from 1951 to 2001.
is a current programming block that began in 2002 and played on Sundays nights, eventually replacing SNICK
for a Saturday block. TEENick was originally hosted by Nick Cannon
and is now hosted by J Boogie
Nickelodeon has spun off several other cable networks.
Nickelodeon Games and Sports
Nickelodeon Games and Sports for Kids
(commonly referred to as Nickelodeon GAS, Nick GAS
), is a U.S. satellite television
network which was launched on March 1
as part of MTV Networks
' suite of digital cable channels. Olympic
swimmer and Figure It Out
host Summer Sanders
was named the Commissioner of Nick GAS. Dave Aizer
and Vivianne Collins were the network's original on-air hosts, with Mati Moralejo
joining soon after. The network is now only on Dish Network
Nick GAS has left the digital cable line-ups on December 31, 2007. On this date, another Nickelodeon-based network, The N, took GAS's channel position. It is available on Dish Network, as well as TurboNick.
Nick GAS turned out to leave on the DISH Network Lineup and The N will go 24/7 on January 2009.
, once known as Nicktoons TV
and simply Nicktoons
, is a digital cable
and satellite television network
which airs classic and modern Nicktoons.
is a television channel
in the United States
aimed at teenagers
and young adults
is a television channel
in the United States
aimed at preschool-aged and early elementary-school-aged children. The channel does not air commercials and is currently only distributed through digital television providers.
Nickelodeon has started broadcasting some shows in HD. The HD feed is currently available on DirecTV, Dish Network systems, Cablevision, and Bright House Networks. Comcast Offers Nickelodeon HD On Demand but no HD channel feed yet. Effective on Nov. 4th Cox digital cable now offers Nickeldeon HD.
Other Nickelodeon projects
is the official website of Nickelodeon. It was originally centered on Natalie's Backseat Traveling Web Show
which launched in 1996 and continued until 1998. Nick.com's main developers are; Mark Zadroga, Alex Westerman
, Deborah Levine, Patrick Dorey, Sean McEvoy, and Jason Root
Nick.com gives visitors of the site the option to register onto the site. Such registration would give the member a "Nickname", which is referring towards his or her membership. Users can e-mail messages to others with NickMail. Users also can access Nicktropolis a massive multi-player online game.
Nick.com has over 500 online games, many of them are related to the shows that currently or formerly aired on Nickelodeon. Since January 6, 2006, Nickelodeon has been doing the New Game of the Week Program. Every week features a new game, allowing users to get extra benefits for playing.
was launched by Nickelodeon in 1993, following a short-lived effort from 1990. It contains informative non-fiction pieces, humor, interviews, pranks, recipes (such as green slime cake), and a comic book section in the center featuring original comics by leading underground cartoonists as well as strips about popular Nicktoons.
is the network's motion picture production arm. It has produced films based on Nickelodeon programs, as well as other adaptations and original projects. Its films are released by Paramount Pictures
Nicktoons Studios (formerly known as Games Animation) is a facility at Burbank, California. It serves as a production facility for many active Nicktoons. It also has earlier Nicktoons scattered on top of the studio at random places. It also serves as a home to the Nicktoons Network and has been used on the Nicktoons Network site replacing the Nickelodeon foot logo with the Nicktoons Network logo.
The Nickelodeon theme park, "Nickelodeon Universe", a rebranding of The Park at MOA
in the Mall of America
, opened on March 15
. New attractions include an Avatar: The Last Airbender
-themed half-pipe ride, a SpongeBob SquarePants
-themed roller coaster
, and a new Splat-O-Sphere drop tower ride.
Theme park areas
Nickelodeon Studios was an attraction at Universal Orlando Resort that opened on June 7, 1990, and housed production for many Nickelodeon programs. It closed on April 30, 2005, after all of Nickelodeon's production had re-located to Burbank, California. The Slime Geyser was removed from the front of the facility in May 2005, the trademark Nickelodeon sign was removed in January 2006, and the Nickelodeon Time Capsule was removed prematurely in August 2006. The building was then converted into the Sharp Aquos Theatre, a venue for the Blue Man Group, which opened on June 7, 2007.
Nickelodeon Central is an area inside many theme parks around The United States, Canada, and Australia. The area is filled with attractions, shows, and themes featuring the Nickelodeon characters.
Nickland is an area inside of Movie Park Germany
featuring Nickelodeon-themed rides, including a Spongebob Squarepants-themed "Splash Battle" ride, and a Jimmy Neutron-themed roller coaster. This area is currently being expanded to fill space formerly occupied with rides based on Warner Bros. characters
Nickelodeon Universe is an area inside of Kings Island
featuring Nickelodeon-themed rides and attractions. The area is one of the largest areas in the park, and has been voted "Best Kid's Area" by Amusement Today magazine since 2001
Nickelodeon Blast Zone
The Nickelodeon Blast Zone was an area in Universal Studios Hollywood
that featured attractions centered around Nickelodeon characters and themes. The four attractions that were present in the area were "Nickelodeon Splash", a waterpark-style area, 'The Wild Thornberrys Adventure Temple', a jungle-themed foam ball play area, and "Nick Jr Backyard", a medium-sized toddler playground. This area closed in winter 2007 and has been rethemed to Curious George. Another attraction, "Rugrats Magic Adventure", was present at the opening of the area in 2001, but closed in 2002 to make way for Shrek 4-D
However, though, Spongebob, Dora and the Rugrats still hang out near the shop that is still open.
Nickelodeon Splat City
Nickelodeon Splat City was an area inside of California's Great America
(1995-2002), Kings Island
(1995-2000), and Kings Dominion
(1995-1999), that featured attraction involving getting messy or wet. The slime refinery theme was carried out in the attractions such as the "Green Slime Zone Definery", the "Crystal Slime Mining Maze", and the "Green Slime Transfer Truck". All of these areas have been transformed into Nickelodeon Central
or Nickelodeon Universe
Nickelodeon Family Suites
is a Nickelodeon-themed Holiday Inn
hotel in Orlando, Florida
, located near Universal Studios Resort
and one mile (1.6 km) from Walt Disney World Resort
. The property includes one, two, and three-bedroom Nick-themed kid suites and various forms of Nick-themed entertainment. Nickelodeon Family Suites
also contains a Nick at Nite
suite for adults.
Nickelodeon Resorts by Marriott is an upcoming hotel chain similar to the above Family Suites, featuring a waterpark area and 650 hotel rooms. The first of the 20 planned hotels will open in San Diego, California in 2010.
Royal Caribbean Cruise Line
Nickelodeon Family Cruises is a series of Nickelodeon-themed cruise packages in partnership with Royal Caribbean International. These cruises will feature special amenities and entertainment themed to various Nickelodeon Properties.
It also operates language- or culture-specific Nickelodeon channels for various markets in different parts of the world, and has licensed some of its cartoons and other content, in English and local languages, to TV and cable stations such as KI.KA and Super RTL in Germany, RTÉ Two (English) and TG4 (Irish) in Ireland, YTV (English) and VRAK.TV (French) in Canada, Canal J in France, Alpha Kids in Greece and CNBC-e in Turkey.
As of August 2007, the network also broadcasts in South East Asia, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, UK, Scandinavia, Republic of Ireland, Netherlands, Spain, Portugal, Belgium, Germany, Cyprus, India, Italy, Israel, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Turkey, Hungary, France, Russia, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Africa, and Latin America.
On October 11, 2006, Viacom's subsidiary MTV Networks Asia Pacific set up a new unit to manage Nickelodeon South East Asia TV based in Singapore. Nickelodeon was launched in Singapore and expanded its services in Southeast Asia, South Asia, and Polynesia. In the present, Nickelodeon Philippines and Nickelodeon India started working independently. They started their new website, Nicksplat.com in 2003.
In India, Nickelodeon is available on the One Alliance bouquet, through the Dish TV and Tata Sky DTH services. In the Philippines, it is available on SkyCable Gold, Silver and Platinum channel 45, Sun Cable channel 34 and Global Destiny Cable channel 21. In Hong Kong, it is available on now TV, while in Malaysia, it is available over Astro via Channel 612. In Singapore, it is available over Starhub Cable TV and in Indonesia, Nickelodeon is available on Astro Nusantara channel 14 and is also broadcast on Global TV, a free-to-air television channel.
A pan-Arabia version of Nickelodeon is slated to relaunch in 2008, in countries such as Saudi Arabia, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates and Lebanon. From the late-1990s until the mid-2000s, Nickelodeon was offered on the Showtime Arabia and Orbit satellite services, until they were removed.
In December 2007, Nickelodeon announced an unprecedented relationship with The Hertz Corporation to rent a Nickelodeon-branded media player, Nick on the Go, for traveling families that rent cars from Hertz. The unit is available at 43 US airports.
Also in 2007, Canadian cable television giant Shaw Cable had applied to the CRTC (Canada's television regulation body, similar to the United States' FCC) for permission to carry several popular American cable networks, including Turner Network Television, USA Network, HBO, Cartoon Network and Nickelodeon. While the CRTC denied permission to carry USA Network and the others, it did say it would review the situation and reconsider. A few weeks later, Shaw Cable had requested the CRTC remove the remaining barriers to American cable networks, and automatically approve and allow any "English language General interest networks" from the United States, including Nickelodeon and USA Network. Competitor and second-largest cable company, Rogers Cable has also expressed its agreement with Shaw Cable's propsals and supports them.
The Polish version of Nickelodeon has relaunched on July 10, 2008.